Joint Pain Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Joint Pain article.

Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. Fr...

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Ankylosing: Having a tendency to stiffen and fuse together.

Ankylosing spondylitis: A form of chronic inflammation of the spine and the sacroiliac joi...

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Arthralgia: Pain in a joint.

Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Bursae: Plural of bursa.

Cartilage: Firm, rubbery tissue that cushions bones at joints. A flexible kind of cartilag...

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Cortisone: A naturally occurring adrenocorticoid hormone that is produced in minute amount...

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Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

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Gout: Condition characterized by abnormally elevated levels of uric acid in the blood, rec...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Ligament: A tough band of connective tissue that connects various structures, such as two ...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Psoriatic arthritis: Joint inflammation that is associated with psoriasis. Psoriatic arthr...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

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Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of joint...

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Spondylitis: Inflammation of one or more of the vertebrae of the spine. Diffuse inflammati...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

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