Kawasaki Disease Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Kawasaki Disease article.

Acquired: Not inherited, or present at birth (congenital), but developing after birth. For...

See the entire definition of Acquired

Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

See the entire definition of Acute

Acute illness: A disease with an abrupt onset and, usually, a short course.

Adenovirus: One of a group of viruses that can cause infections of the lung, stomach, inte...

See the entire definition of Adenovirus

Aneurysm: A localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, a vein, or the heart. At the poi...

See the entire definition of Aneurysm

Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

See the entire definition of Artery

Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

See the entire definition of Aspirin

Atypical: Unusual, or not fitting a single diagnostic
category.

Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Bilateral: Affecting both sides. For example, bilateral arthritis affects joints on both t...

See the entire definition of Bilateral

Cardiologist: A physician who specializes in treating heart disorders.

Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

See the entire definition of Cervical

Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

See the entire definition of Chronic

Conjunctival: Pertaining to the conjunctiva, the clear moist membrane that covers the inne...

See the entire definition of Conjunctival

Coronary arteries: The vessels that supply the heart muscle with blood rich in oxygen. The...

See the entire definition of Coronary arteries back to top

Coronary artery disease: Impedance or blockage of one or more arteries that supply blood t...

See the entire definition of Coronary artery disease

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

ECG: Electrocardiogram.

Edema: The swelling of soft tissues as a result of excess fluid accumulation. Edema is oft...

See the entire definition of Edema

Electrocardiogram: A recording of the electrical activity of the heart. Abbreviated ECG an...

See the entire definition of Electrocardiogram

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

See the entire definition of Fever

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

See the entire definition of Heart

Heart attack: The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of bloo...

See the entire definition of Heart attack

Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

See the entire definition of Heart disease

Immunoglobulin: A protein produced by plasma cells and lymphocytes and characteristic of t...

See the entire definition of Immunoglobulin

Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

See the entire definition of Incidence

Infarction: The formation of an infarct, an area of tissue death, due to a local lack of o...

See the entire definition of Infarction

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

See the entire definition of Infection

Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

See the entire definition of Inflammation

Intravenous immunoglobulin: A sterile solution of concentrated antibodies extracted from h...

See the entire definition of Intravenous immunoglobulin back to top

Kawasaki disease: A syndrome that mainly affects young children, causing fever; reddening ...

See the entire definition of Kawasaki disease

Lips: Aside from the lips of the mouth, there are two pairs of lips at the entrance to the...

See the entire definition of Lips

Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

See the entire definition of Lymph

Lymphadenopathy: Abnormally enlarged lymph nodes. Commonly called swollen glands.

Measles: An acute and highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever, runny nose,...

See the entire definition of Measles

Myocardial infarction: A heart attack. Abbreviated MI.

Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

See the entire definition of Neck

Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

See the entire definition of Onset

Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

See the entire definition of Prognosis

Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

See the entire definition of Rash

Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

See the entire definition of Recurrent

Resolution: In genetics, the degree of molecular detail on a physical map of DNA. Resoluti...

See the entire definition of Resolution

Scarlet fever: A skin condition that is due to a streptococcal sore throat or any other st...

See the entire definition of Scarlet fever

Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

See the entire definition of Shock back to top

Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

See the entire definition of Sore

Sore throat: Pain in the throat. Sore throat may be caused by many different causes, inclu...

See the entire definition of Sore throat

Staphylococcus: A group of bacteria that cause a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

See the entire definition of Staphylococcus

Stevens-Johnson syndrome: A serious systemic (bodywide) allergic reaction with a character...

See the entire definition of Stevens-Johnson syndrome

Strep: Very commonly used shortened form of Streptococcus, a very common and import...

See the entire definition of Strep

Strep throat: Strep throat is an infection caused by a type of bacteria called streptococc...

See the entire definition of Strep throat

Streptococcus: A group of bacteria that causes a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

See the entire definition of Streptococcus

Subacute: Rather recent onset or somewhat rapid change. In contrast, acute indicates very ...

See the entire definition of Subacute

Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

See the entire definition of Throat

Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

See the entire definition of Tongue

Toxic shock: See Toxic shock syndrome.

Toxic shock syndrome: A grave condition occurring predominantly in menstruating women usin...

See the entire definition of Toxic shock syndrome

Toxin: A poison produced by certain animals, plants, or bacteria.

back to top

Trigger: Something that either sets off a disease in people who are genetically predispose...

See the entire definition of Trigger

Unilateral: Having, or relating to, one side. For example, a unilateral rash is one that i...

See the entire definition of Unilateral

Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

See the entire definition of Urine

Vasculitis: A general term for a group of uncommon diseases that feature inflammation of t...

See the entire definition of Vasculitis

Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

See the entire definition of Viral

Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

See the entire definition of Virus back to top






Medical Dictionary