Kidney Infection Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Kidney Infection article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Abscess: A local accumulation of pus anywhere in the body. The following are some example...

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Analysis: In psychology, a term for conversation-based therapeutic processes used to gain ...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Anus: The opening of the rectum to the outside of the body.

Back pain: Pain felt in the low or upper back. Causes of pain in the low and upper back in...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

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Catheter: A thin, flexible tube.

Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Dysuria: Pain during urination, or difficulty urinating. Dysuria is usually caused by infl...

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Enterococcus: Bacteria normally found in the feces. Two types, Enterococcus fecalis and En...

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Escherichia coli: Full term for E. coli, the colon bacillus.

Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Gastrointestinal tract: The stomach and intestines. Abbreviated GI tract.

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart rate: The number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually per minute. The heart rate ...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Klebsiella: A group of bacteria that normally lives in the intestinal tract, but can cause...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Macroscopic: Large enough to be seen with the naked eye, as opposed to microscopic. For ex...

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Magnesium: A mineral involved in many processes in the body including nerve signaling, the...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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Microscopic: An object so small it cannot be seen without the aid of microscope (for examp...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Paralysis: Loss of voluntary movement (motor function). Paralysis that affects only one mu...

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Pelvic: Having to do with the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen, located between the h...

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Pelvic exam: An examination of the organs of the female reproductive system.

Pelvis: The lower part of the abdomen, located between the hip bones. Structures in the fe...

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Potassium: The major positive ion (cation) found inside cells. The chemical notation for p...

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Predispose: To make more likely or render susceptible. Smoking predisposes to a number of ...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Prostate: A gland within the male reproductive system that is located just below the blad...

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Pyelonephritis: Bacterial infection of the kidneys. Pyelonephritis can be acute or chronic...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Reflux: The term used when liquid backs up into the esophagus from the stomach.

Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Rib: One of the 12 paired arches of bone that form the skeletal structure of the chest wal...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Staphylococcus: A group of bacteria that cause a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

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Supportive care: Treatment given to prevent, control, or relieve complications and side ef...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Urethra: The tube that leads from the bladder and transports and discharges urine outside ...

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Urinalysis: A test that is done in order to analyze urine. Because toxins and excess fluid...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Urinary tract infection: An infection of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or urethra. Abbrevia...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Urologist: A physician who specializes in diseases of the urinary organs in females and th...

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Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between th...

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UTI: Urinary tract infection.

Vagina: The muscular canal that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body. It is ...

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