Kidney Infection (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
When to Seek Medical Care for Kidney Infection
If symptoms suggestive of urinary tract or kidney infection are present, medical attention should be sought. Correct diagnosis of kidney infection is important because it will determine appropriate therapy and length of treatment.
Once the doctor diagnoses kidney infection, home therapy with antibiotics and adequate oral intake of food and fluid may be adequate. In severe cases of infection or uncontrolled nausea and vomiting, hospitalization may be necessary.
Kidney Infection Diagnosis
The most important test in diagnosing kidney infection is a urinalysis (UA). This is basically a test to analyze urine sample and evaluate for an infection in the urine. Urinalysis is done by collecting a clean catch, midstream urine in a sterile collection cup. The urine may be analyzed by the doctor in the office using or by analysis in a laboratory.
Because urine is normally sterile, any finding suggesting an infection may be considered abnormal and supportive of a kidney infection.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/29/2015
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Acute pyelonephritis is a potentially organ- and/or life-threatening infection that characteristically causes some scarring of the kidney with each infection and may lead to significant damage to the kidney (any given episode), kidney failure, abscess formation (eg, nephric, perinephric), sepsis, or sepsis syndrome/shock/multiorgan system failure.