Knee Joint Replacement Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Knee Joint Replacement article.

Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

See the entire definition of Anesthesia

Anesthesiologist: A physician or, less often, a dentist who is specialized in the practice...

See the entire definition of Anesthesiologist

Antibiotic: A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms. ...

See the entire definition of Antibiotic

Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

See the entire definition of Artery

Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

See the entire definition of Arthritis

Arthrocentesis: A procedure in which a sterile needle and syringe are used to drain fluid ...

See the entire definition of Arthrocentesis

Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

See the entire definition of Bacteria

Blood clot: A mass of coagulated blood. A blood clot can block a major blood vessel, causi...

See the entire definition of Blood clot

Blood clots: Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. Also called a t...

See the entire definition of Blood clots

Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

See the entire definition of Chronic

Deep vein thrombosis: A blood clot within a deep vein, typically in the thigh or leg. The ...

See the entire definition of Deep vein thrombosis

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

Doppler ultrasound: A form of ultrasound that can detect and measure blood flow. Doppler u...

See the entire definition of Doppler ultrasound

Embolism: The obstruction of a blood vessel by a foreign substance or a blood clot that tr...

See the entire definition of Embolism

Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

See the entire definition of Emergency department back to top

Enoxaparin: A low-molecular-weight version of heparin that acts like heparin as an anticoa...

See the entire definition of Enoxaparin

Epidural: Outside the dura, the outermost, toughest, and most fibrous of the three membran...

See the entire definition of Epidural

Femur: The single bone in the thigh, which is the largest bone in the human body. Also kno...

See the entire definition of Femur

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

See the entire definition of Fever

Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

See the entire definition of Fracture

Gait: A manner of walking. Observation of gait can provide early diagnostic clues for a nu...

See the entire definition of Gait

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

See the entire definition of Heart

Heparin: An anticoagulant (anti-clotting) medication. Heparin is useful in preventing thro...

See the entire definition of Heparin

Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

See the entire definition of Infection

Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

See the entire definition of Injury

Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

See the entire definition of Joint

Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

See the entire definition of Knee

Knee joint: The knee joint has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the large sh...

See the entire definition of Knee joint

Kneecap: The patella, the small bone in the front of the knee. The patella is a little (se...

See the entire definition of Kneecap back to top

Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

See the entire definition of Laboratory

Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

See the entire definition of Leg

Lower leg: The lower leg is the bottom segment of the leg: the part below the knee.

Numb: Numb, or numbness is a loss of the sensation of feeling in an area of the body. Numb...

See the entire definition of Numb

Orthopedist: An orthopedic surgeon, a physician who corrects congenital or functional abno...

See the entire definition of Orthopedist

Osteoarthritis: A type of arthritis caused by inflammation, breakdown, and eventual loss ...

See the entire definition of Osteoarthritis

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

See the entire definition of Pain

Paresis: Incomplete paralysis or slight paralysis.

Paresthesia: An abnormal sensation of the body, such as numbness, tingling, or burning.

Patella: The kneecap by another name, the patella is the small bone that is in the front ...

See the entire definition of Patella

Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

See the entire definition of Pharmacy

Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

See the entire definition of Physical therapy

Popliteal: Referring to the back of the knee. For example, the popliteal fossa is the holl...

See the entire definition of Popliteal

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

See the entire definition of Prognosis

Prostheses: More than one prosthesis. See: Prosthesis.

back to top

Prosthesis: An artificial replacement of a part of the body, such as a tooth, a facial bon...

See the entire definition of Prosthesis

Prosthetic: Referring to a prosthesis, an artificial substitute or replacement of a part o...

See the entire definition of Prosthetic

Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Pulmonary embolism: Sudden closure of a pulmonary artery or one of its branches, caused by...

See the entire definition of Pulmonary embolism

Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

See the entire definition of Pulse

Range of motion: The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and ...

See the entire definition of Range of motion

Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

See the entire definition of Rehabilitation

Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of joint...

See the entire definition of Rheumatoid arthritis

Shinbone: The larger of the two bones in the lower leg (the smaller one being the fibula)....

See the entire definition of Shinbone

Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

See the entire definition of Surgeon

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

See the entire definition of Surgery

Syringe: A medical device that is used to inject fluid into, or withdraw fluid from, the b...

See the entire definition of Syringe

Temple: The area just behind and to the side of the forehead and the eye, above the side o...

See the entire definition of Temple

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thrombosis: The formation or presence of a blood clot in a blood vessel. The vessel may be...

See the entire definition of Thrombosis back to top

Tibia: The larger of the two long bones in the lower leg. The tibia is familiarly known as...

See the entire definition of Tibia

Total knee replacement: A surgical procedure in which damaged parts of the knee joint are ...

See the entire definition of Total knee replacement

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

See the entire definition of Ultrasound

Vein: A blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen content from the body back t...

See the entire definition of Vein

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

See the entire definition of X-ray back to top






Medical Dictionary