Labyrinthitis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Labyrinthitis article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Alcohol abuse: Use of alcoholic beverages to excess, either on individual occasions (binge...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Audiologist: A health care professional who is trained to evaluate hearing loss and relate...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Brainstem: The lowest part of the brain which merges with the spinal cord and provides the...

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Cochlea: The cochlea is the part of the inner ear that converts mechanical energy (vibrati...

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CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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ENT: 1. Abbreviation for ears, nose and throat. A field of medicine also called ot...

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ENT physician: A medical specialist who is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Flu: Flu is a colloquialism for influenza. The flu is an acute respiratory illness caused ...

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Gait: A manner of walking. Observation of gait can provide early diagnostic clues for a nu...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune response: Any reaction by the immune system. For example, poison ivy can cause an i...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Inner ear: A highly complex structure whose essential component for hearing is the membran...

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Labyrinth: The maze of canals in the inner ear. The delicate membranous canals of the laby...

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Labyrinthitis: Inflammation of the labyrinth of the ear, which can be accompanied by verti...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Lethargy: Abnormal drowsiness, stupor.

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Middle ear: A part of the ear that consists of the eardrum (tympanic membrane) and, beyond...

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Motion sickness: A disorder of the sense of balance and equilibrium and, hence, the sense ...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Neurologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of th...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Numb: Numb, or numbness is a loss of the sensation of feeling in an area of the body. Numb...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Skull: The skull is a collection of bones which encase the brain and give form to the hea...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Therapeutic: Relating to therapeutics, the branch of medicine that is concerned specifical...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

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Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Tinnitus: Ringing in the ears. Tinnitus has many causes, including some medications (inclu...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Trigger: Something that either sets off a disease in people who are genetically predispose...

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Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Vertigo: Aside from being the name of a classic 1958 Alfred Hitchcock film (with Jimmy St...

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Vestibule: In medicine and dentistry, a space or cavity at the entrance to a canal, channe...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

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