Font Size
A
A
A
2
...

Labyrinthitis (cont.)

Labyrinthitis Causes

Many times, you cannot determine the cause of labyrinthitis. Often, the condition follows a viral illness such as a cold or the flu. Viruses, or your body's immune response to them, may cause inflammation that results in labyrinthitis.

Other potential causes are these:

  • Trauma or injury to your head or ear
  • Bacterial infections: If found in nearby structures such as your middle ear, such infections may cause the following:
    • Fluid to collect in the labyrinth (serous labyrinthitis)
    • Fluid to directly invade the labyrinth, causing pus-producing (suppurative) labyrinthitis
  • Allergies
  • Alcohol abuse
  • A benign tumor of the middle ear
  • Certain medications taken in high doses
  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: With this condition, small stones, or calcified particles, break off within the vestibule and bounce around. The particles trigger nerve impulses that the brain interprets as movement.
  • More serious causes of vertigo can mimic labyrinthitis, but these occur rarely.
    • Tumors at the base of the brain
    • Strokes or insufficient blood supply to the brainstem or the nerves surrounding the labyrinth
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/6/2014
Medical Author:
Medical Editor:
Medical Editor:
Medical Editor:

Must Read Articles Related to Labyrinthitis

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
Benign Positional Vertigo Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is one of the most common cause of vertigo. Causes of BPPV include infections, nerve inflammation, ear surgery compl...learn more >>
Meniere Disease
Meniere Disease Meniere's disease is a syndrome in which you experience episodes of spinning vertigo (sense of the room spinning), hearing loss, and tinnitus (ringing in the ea...learn more >>
Vertigo
Vertigo Vertigo, a feeling or perception that the environment around you is moving or spinning can be caused by inner ear inflammation, Benign paroxysmal positional ver...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Labyrinthitis:

Labyrinthitis - Symptoms

What symptoms did you experience with labyrinthitis?




Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Labyrinthitis and Related Conditions »

Labyrinthitis is an inflammatory disorder of the inner ear or labyrinth.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


Medical Dictionary