Font Size
A
A
A
2
...

Labyrinthitis (cont.)

Labyrinthitis Causes

Many times, you cannot determine the cause of labyrinthitis. Often, the condition follows a viral illness such as a cold or the flu. Viruses, or your body's immune response to them, may cause inflammation that results in labyrinthitis.

Other potential causes are these:

  • Trauma or injury to your head or ear (similar to concussion)
  • Bacterial infections: If found in nearby structures such as your middle ear, such infections may cause the following:
    • Fluid to collect in the labyrinth (serous labyrinthitis)
    • Fluid to directly invade the labyrinth, causing pus-producing (suppurative) labyrinthitis
  • Allergies
  • Alcohol abuse
  • A benign tumor of the middle ear
  • Certain medications taken in high doses
  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: With this condition, small stones, or calcified particles, break off within the vestibule and bounce around. The particles trigger nerve impulses that the brain interprets as movement.
  • More serious causes of vertigo can mimic labyrinthitis, but these occur rarely.
    • Tumors at the base of the brain
    • Strokes or insufficient blood supply to the brainstem or the nerves surrounding the labyrinth
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/14/2015
Medical Author:
Medical Editor:
Medical Editor:
Medical Editor:

Must Read Articles Related to Labyrinthitis

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
Benign Positional Vertigo Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a common cause of vertigo. Causes of BPPV include infections, nerve inflammation, ear surgery complications, medi...learn more >>
Meniere Disease
Meniere Disease Meniere's disease is a syndrome in which you experience episodes of spinning vertigo (sense of the room spinning), hearing loss, and tinnitus (ringing in the ea...learn more >>
Vertigo
Vertigo Vertigo, a feeling or perception that the environment around you is moving or spinning can be caused by inner ear inflammation, Benign paroxysmal positional ver...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Labyrinthitis:

Labyrinthitis - Symptoms

What symptoms did you experience with labyrinthitis?




Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Labyrinthitis and Related Conditions »

Labyrinthitis is an inflammatory disorder of the inner ear or labyrinth.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


Medical Dictionary