Laparoscopy Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Laparoscopy article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal muscles: A large group of muscles in the front of the abdomen that assists in th...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Anesthesiologist: A physician or, less often, a dentist who is specialized in the practice...

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Appendix: A small outpouching from the beginning of the large intestine.

Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Bilateral: Affecting both sides. For example, bilateral arthritis affects joints on both t...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Blood transfusion: The transfer of blood or blood components from one person (the donor) i...

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Bypass: An operation in which a new pathway is created for the transport of substances in ...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Carbon dioxide: A gas which is the byproduct of cellular metabolism and which collects in ...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

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Cuts: Severed skin. Washing a cut or scrape with soap and water and keeping it clean and d...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Digestive system: The system of organs responsible for getting food into and out of the bo...

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Donor: The giver of a tissue or an organ, such as a blood donor or kidney donor.

Ectopic: In the wrong place, out of place. For example, an ectopic kidney is a kidney that...

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Ectopic pregnancy: A pregnancy that is not in the uterus. The fertilized egg settles and g...

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Endometriosis: The presence of tissue that normally grows inside the uterus (womb) in an ...

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Endoscopy: Examination of the inside of the body by using a lighted, flexible instrument c...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Gallbladder: A pear-shaped organ located below the liver that stores the bile secreted by ...

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Gastric: Having to do with the stomach.

Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Gynecology: The branch of medicine that is particularly concerned with the health of the f...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart attack: The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of bloo...

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Herbal: 1. An adjective, referring to herbs, as in an herbal tea.
2. A...

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Hernia: A general term referring to a protrusion of a tissue through the wall of the cavit...

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Hernia repair: Also called a herniorrhaphy, a surgical repair of a hernia. Hernia repair m...

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Hysterectomy: An operation to remove the uterus. Hysterectomies are most commonly performe...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Incontinence: The inability to control excretions, to hold urine in the bladder, or to kee...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Internal bleeding: Bleeding inside the body that is not seen from the outside. Internal bl...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

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Laparoscope: An instrument through which structures within the abdomen and pelvis can be s...

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Laparoscopic: 1. Pertaining to the procedure of laparoscopy.
2. Pert...

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Laparoscopy: A type of surgery in which small incisions are made in the abdominal wall thr...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Malignancy: A tumor that is malignant (cancerous), that can invade and destroy nearby tiss...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Navel: The umbilicus, the former site of attachment of the umbilical cord, usually found i...

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Obese: Well above ones normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obe...

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Operating room: A facility that is equipped for performing surgery. Abbreviated OR.

Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pancreas: A spongy, tube-shaped organ that is about 6 inches long and is located in the ba...

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Pelvic: Having to do with the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen, located between the h...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

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Shoulder pain: Pain in the shoulder due to an injury or disease. The design of the shoulde...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Transfusion: The transfer of blood or blood products from one person (the donor) into the ...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Trigger: Something that either sets off a disease in people who are genetically predispose...

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Trocar: A sharply pointed shaft, usually with a three-sided point. A trocar may be used wi...

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Tubes: The "tubes" are medically known as the Fallopian tubes. There are two Fallopian tub...

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Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between th...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

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Medical Dictionary