Laryngitis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Laryngitis article.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acid reflux: A common condition and an abnormal one in which acid in the stomach rises up...

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Airway: The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs. The mouth and nose are...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Bronchitis: Inflammation and swelling of the bronchi. Bronchitis can be acute or chronic.

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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CBC: A commonly used abbreviation in medicine that stands for complete blood count, a set...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest X-ray: A type of X-ray commonly used to detect abnormalities in the lungs. A chest X...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Common cold: A contagious viral upper respiratory tract infection. The common cold can be ...

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Congestion: An abnormal or excessive accumulation of a body fluid. The term is used broadl...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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Coughing up blood: see hemoptysis.

Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Fungal: Pertaining to a fungus. For example, a fungal skin infection.

Hoarseness: Hoarseness is a term referring to abnormal voice changes. Hoarseness may be ma...

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Humidifier: A machine that puts moisture into the air. Humidified air makes it easier to b...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Intubation: The process of putting a tube into a hollow organ or passageway, often into th...

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Laryngeal: Having to do with the larynx (voice box).

Laryngeal papilloma: A warty growth in the larynx, usually on the vocal cords. Persistent ...

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Laryngitis: An inflammation of the larynx. Inflammation of the larynx is most often caused...

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Larynx: A tube-shaped organ in the neck that contains the vocal cords. The larynx is about...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nasal: Having to do with the nose.

Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Otolaryngologist: A physician specialized in diagnosing and treating diseases of the head ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Papilloma: A small solid benign tumor with a clear-cut border that projects above the surr...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission. The reappearance ...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Recurrent laryngeal nerve: One of the branches of the vagus nerve, a long and important ne...

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Reflux: The term used when liquid backs up into the esophagus from the stomach.

Reflux laryngitis: Inflammation of the larynx (voice box) caused by stomach acid backing u...

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Rehydration: The process of restoring lost water (dehydration) to the body tissues and flu...

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Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Runny nose: The production of extra mucus by the nose. Rhinorrhea is the medical term for ...

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Sinusitis: Inflammation of the lining membrane in any of the hollow areas (sinuses) of the...

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Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

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Sore throat: Pain in the throat. Sore throat may be caused by many different causes, inclu...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum, a microscopic orga...

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Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Tuberculosis: A highly contagious infection caused by the bacterium called Mycobacterium ...

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Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Ventilator: A machine that mechanically assists a patient in the exchange of oxygen and ca...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

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Voice box: The voice box, or larynx, is the portion of the respiratory (breathing) tract ...

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Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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