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Lead Poisoning (cont.)


Related Information



  1. U.S. Centers for Disease Control (2005). Blood lead levels—United States, 1999–2002. MMWR, 54(20): 513–516. Also available online:

  2. Committee on Environmental Health, American Academy of Pediatrics (2005, reaffirmed 2009). Lead exposure in children: Prevention, detection, and management. Pediatrics, 116: 1036–1046. Also available online:

  3. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (2006). Screening for elevated blood lead levels in children and pregnant women. Available online:

Other Works Consulted

  • Woolf AD, et al. (2007). Update on the clinical management of childhood lead poisoning. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 54(2): 271–294.

  • Binns HJ, et al. (2007). Interpreting and managing blood lead levels of less than 10 mcg/dL in children and reducing childhood exposure to lead: Recommendations of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Advisory Committee on Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention. Pediatrics, 120(5): e1285–e1298.

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2002). Managing elevated blood lead levels among young children: Recommendations from the Advisory Committee on Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention. Available online:

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2005). Preventing lead poisoning in young children. Available online:

  • Grandjean P (2008). Lead section of Health significance of metal exposures. In RB Wallace, ed., Wallace/Maxcy-Rosenau-Last Public Health and Preventive Medicine, 15th ed., pp. 609–611. New York: McGraw-Hill.

  • Henretig FM (2009). Lead section of Toxins. In WB Carey et al., eds., Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics, 4th ed., pp. 319–321. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.

  • Kemper AR, et al. (2005). Follow-up testing among children with elevated screening blood lead levels. JAMA, 293(18): 2232–2237.

  • Markowitz M (2007). Lead poisoning. In RM Kliegman et al., eds., Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics, 18th ed., pp. 2913–2918. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.

  • McGuigan MA (2008). Lead section of Chronic poisoning: Trace metals and others. In L Goldman, D Ausiello, eds., Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed., pp. 102–103. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.

  • Needleman HL (2006). Lead poisoning. In JA McMillan et al., eds., Oski's Pediatrics: Principles and Practice, 4th ed., chap. 123, pp. 767–772. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

  • Olson KR (2010). Lead section of Poisoning. In SJ McPhee, MA Papadakis, eds., Current Medical Diagnosis and Treatment 2010, 49th ed., p. 1438. New York: McGraw-Hill.

  • Shannon MW (2007). Lead. In MW Shannon et al., eds., Haddad and Winchester's Clinical Management of Poisoning and Drug Overdose, 4th ed., pp. 1129–1146. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.

  • Woolfenden YB, et al. (2008). Household interventions for prevention of domestic lead exposure in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2).

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