Leprosy Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Leprosy article.

Abscess: A local accumulation of pus anywhere in the body. The following are some example...

See the entire definition of Abscess

Acquired: Not inherited, or present at birth (congenital), but developing after birth. For...

See the entire definition of Acquired

Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

See the entire definition of Acute

Amputation: Removal of part or all of a body part that is enclosed by skin. Amputation can...

See the entire definition of Amputation

Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

See the entire definition of Bacteria

Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Bacterium: The singular of bacteria.

BCG: An effective immunization against tuberculosis. BCG stands for Bacille Calmette Gueri...

See the entire definition of BCG

Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

See the entire definition of Biopsy

Blindness: Loss of useful sight. Blindness can be temporary or permanent. Damage to any p...

See the entire definition of Blindness

Blister: A collection of fluid underneath the top layer of skin (epidermis). There are man...

See the entire definition of Blister

Cartilage: Firm, rubbery tissue that cushions bones at joints. A flexible kind of cartilag...

See the entire definition of Cartilage

Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

See the entire definition of Chronic

Compression: 1. The act of pressing together. As in a compression fracture, nerve c...

See the entire definition of Compression

Corneal: Pertaining to the cornea, the clear front window of the eye that transmits and fo...

See the entire definition of Corneal back to top

Curable: Amenable to a cure, capable of being cured, to being healed and made well. From ...

See the entire definition of Curable

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

See the entire definition of Drain

Dynacin: Brand name for minocycline.

Dysfunction: Difficult function or abnormal function.

Endemic: Present in a community at all times but in relatively low frequency. Something t...

See the entire definition of Endemic

Erythema: Redness of the skin that results from capillary congestion. Erythema can occur w...

See the entire definition of Erythema

Erythema nodosum: An inflammatory reaction that occurs deep in the skin and is characteriz...

See the entire definition of Erythema nodosum

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

See the entire definition of Fever

Foot drop: See Foot-drop.

Hansen disease: Leprosy, a chronic granulomatous infection caused by a bacterium which aff...

See the entire definition of Hansen disease

Hansen's disease: See: Hansen disease.

Hoarseness: Hoarseness is a term referring to abnormal voice changes. Hoarseness may be ma...

See the entire definition of Hoarseness

Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune response: Any reaction by the immune system. For example, poison ivy can cause an i...

See the entire definition of Immune response back to top

Immunity: The condition of being immune. Immunity can be innate'for example, humans are in...

See the entire definition of Immunity

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

See the entire definition of Infection

Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

See the entire definition of Inflammation

Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

See the entire definition of Injury

Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

See the entire definition of Joint

Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

See the entire definition of Laboratory

Leper: 1. Someone with leprosy (Hansen disease). The term leper is now in disfavor....

See the entire definition of Leper

Leprosy: An infectious disease of the skin, nervous system, and mucous membranes that is c...

See the entire definition of Leprosy

Lesion: An area of abnormal tissue change. Lesions vary in severity from harmless to serio...

See the entire definition of Lesion

Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

See the entire definition of Mouth

Mucosa: Having to do with a mucous membrane. For example, the oral mucosa.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

See the entire definition of Muscle

Mycobacterium: A large family of bacteria that have unusually waxy cell walls that are res...

See the entire definition of Mycobacterium

Mycobacterium leprae: The bacillus responsible for leprosy (Hansen disease). Mycobacterium...

See the entire definition of Mycobacterium leprae

Nasal: Having to do with the nose.

back to top

Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

See the entire definition of Nerve

Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

See the entire definition of Nose

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

See the entire definition of Pain

Peripheral: Situated away from the center, as opposed to centrally located.

Prevalence: The proportion of individuals in a population having a disease or characterist...

See the entire definition of Prevalence

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

See the entire definition of Prognosis

Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

See the entire definition of Progressive

Prophylaxis: The prevention of disease.

Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

See the entire definition of Pus

Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

See the entire definition of Rash

Regimen: A plan or a regulated course, such as a diet, exercise, or treatment, that is des...

See the entire definition of Regimen

Relapse: The return of signs and symptoms of a disease after a remission.

Reservoir: 1. A place where something such as water is kept in reserve.
2....

See the entire definition of Reservoir

Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

See the entire definition of Resistance

Resolution: In genetics, the degree of molecular detail on a physical map of DNA. Resoluti...

See the entire definition of Resolution back to top

Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

See the entire definition of Sensation

Stage: As regards cancer, the extent of a cancer, especially whether the disease has spre...

See the entire definition of Stage

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

See the entire definition of Surgery

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Vaccines: Microbial preparations of killed or modified microorganisms that can stimulate a...

See the entire definition of Vaccines

World Health Organization: The subagency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with...

See the entire definition of World Health Organization back to top







Medical Dictionary