The prevention of leprosy ultimately lies in the early diagnosis and
treatment of those individuals suspected or diagnosed as having leprosy, thereby
preventing further transmission of the disease to others.
- Public education and community awareness are crucial to encourage
individuals with leprosy and their families to undergo evaluation and treatment
- Household contacts of patients with leprosy should be monitored closely for
the development of leprosy signs and symptoms.
- A recent study demonstrated that prophylaxis with a single dose of
rifampicin was 57% effective in preventing leprosy for the first two years in
individuals who have close contact with newly diagnosed patients with leprosy.
- There is currently no widely used standard for using medications for the
prevention of leprosy.
- Currently, there is no single commercial vaccine that confers complete immunity against
leprosy in all individuals.
- Several vaccines, including the BCG vaccine, provide variable levels of
protection against leprosy in certain populations.
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