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Leprosy (cont.)

Leprosy Prevention

The prevention of leprosy ultimately lies in the early diagnosis and treatment of those individuals suspected or diagnosed as having leprosy, thereby preventing further transmission of the disease to others.

  • Public education and community awareness are crucial to encourage individuals with leprosy and their families to undergo evaluation and treatment with MDT.
  • Household contacts of patients with leprosy should be monitored closely for the development of leprosy signs and symptoms.
  • A recent study demonstrated that prophylaxis with a single dose of rifampicin was 57% effective in preventing leprosy for the first two years in individuals who have close contact with newly diagnosed patients with leprosy.
  • There is currently no widely used standard for using medications for the prevention of leprosy.
  • Currently, there is no single commercial vaccine that confers complete immunity against leprosy in all individuals.
  • Several vaccines, including the BCG vaccine, provide variable levels of protection against leprosy in certain populations.
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