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Leprosy (cont.)

Surgical Therapy for Leprosy

There are various surgical procedures available for certain patients with leprosy. These surgical procedures are aimed at restoring function of affected body parts (for example, correcting clawed hand deformities) and to cosmetically improving areas damaged by the disease. Amputation of affected body parts is sometimes necessary. Surgery may also be necessary to drain a nerve abscess (pus collection) or to relieve the compression of nerves.

Leprosy Follow-up

Patients should maintain close contact with their health-care professional during treatment with MDT, and periodic follow-up visits are recommended.

  • The WHO recommends the monthly direct supervision by a health-care professional during the administration of rifampicin.
  • Periodic blood testing during treatment is recommended, as well as yearly skin scrapings when possible.
  • The relapse rate after the administration of MDT is 1% for both types of leprosy. Therefore, patients should still be followed by a health-care professional for five to 10 years after completion of MDT.
  • Some patients with leprosy may require psychological counseling, physical therapy, and occupational therapy.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/17/2015
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