Leprosy Topic Guide
Leprosy: Leprosy is a disfiguring infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae bacteria. The disease was discovered in 1873 by G.A. Hansen. Symptoms of leprosy include skin lesions, ulcerations, destruction of nasal cartilage, loss of sensation, and eye pain. Treatment with dapsone, rifampicin, and clofazimine has proven to be highly effective.
Rash A rash is a visible skin outbreak. Examples of noninfectious rashes include eczema, psoriasis, contact dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, rosacea, hives, and allergic dermatitis. Types of infectious rashes include ringworm, impetigo, scabies, herpes, chickenpox, and shingles. Rashes may be caused by fungi, viruses, bacteria, and parasites. Treatment depends upon the type of rash.
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