Lightning Strike Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Lightning Strike article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Blood count: The calculated number of white or red blood cells (WBCs or RBCs) in a cubic m...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cardiac: Having to do with the heart.

Cataract: A clouding or loss of transparency of the lens in the eye as a result of tissu...

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Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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CPR: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Eardrum: The tympanic membrane of the ear, or tympanum. The eardrum separates the middle e...

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ECG: Electrocardiogram.

Electrocardiogram: A recording of the electrical activity of the heart. Abbreviated ECG an...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Enzyme: A protein (or protein-based molecule) that speeds up a chemical reaction in a livi...

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Enzymes: Proteins that act as a catalysts in mediating and speeding a specific chemical re...

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Extremity: An uttermost part of the body, such as a hand or a foot.

Head injury: Damage to any of the structures of the head as a result of trauma. While the ...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Lightning injuries: A major source of injury and death from the environment, lightning is ...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Neck pain: Neck pain is the sensation of discomfort in the neck area. Neck pain can result...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Neurologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of th...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Paralysis: Loss of voluntary movement (motor function). Paralysis that affects only one mu...

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Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

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Referral: The recommendation of a medical or paramedical professional. If you get a refer...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Skull: The skull is a collection of bones which encase the brain and give form to the hea...

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Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

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Superficial: In anatomy, on the surface or shallow. As opposed to deep. The skin is superf...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

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