Listeria Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Listeria article.

Abscess: A local accumulation of pus anywhere in the body. The following are some example...

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Amniotic fluid: The fluid bathing a fetus within the uterus, which serves as a shock absor...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms. ...

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Asymptomatic: Without symptoms. For example, an asymptomatic infection is an infection wit...

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Bacterium: The singular of bacteria.

Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Cerebrospinal fluid: A watery fluid that is continuously produced and absorbed and that fl...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

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Cuts: Severed skin. Washing a cut or scrape with soap and water and keeping it clean and d...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that ca...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Encephalitis: Inflammation of the brain, which may be caused by a bacterium, a virus, or a...

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Fetus: An unborn offspring, from the embryo stage (the end of the eighth week after concep...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Flu: Short for influenza. The flu is caused by viruses that infect the respiratory tract w...

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Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Gram-positive: Gram-positive bacteria retain the color of the crystal violet stain in the ...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Immunocompromised: Having an immune system that has been impaired by disease or medical tr...

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Immunosuppressive: 1. Pertaining to immunosuppression, the suppression of the immun...

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Incubation period: In medicine, the time from the moment of exposure to an infectious agen...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Listeria: A group of bacteria capable of causing illness including potentially fata...

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Listeriosis: A disease that is caused by eating food contaminated with the bacterium Liste...

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Low blood pressure: Any blood pressure that is below the normal expected for an individua...

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Lumbar: Referring to the five lumbar vertebrae, the disks below them, and the correspondin...

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Lumbar puncture: A procedure in which cerebrospinal fluid is removed from the spinal canal...

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Mechanical ventilation: Use of a machine called a ventilator or respirator to improve the ...

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Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Miscarriage: Inadvertent loss of a pregnancy before the fetus is viable. A considerable pr...

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Morbidity: Illness, disease.

Mortality: A fatal outcome or, in one word, death. The word "mortality" is derived from "m...

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Mortality rate: A death rate. There are a number of different types of mortality rates as,...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Placenta: A temporary organ that joins the mother and fetus, transferring oxygen and nutri...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sepsis: The presence of bacteria (bacteremia), other infectious organisms, or toxins creat...

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Spinal tap: Also known as a lumbar puncture or "LP", a spinal tap is a procedure whereby ...

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Stillbirth: The birth of a dead baby, the delivery of a fetus that has died before birth f...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Supportive care: Treatment given to prevent, control, or relieve complications and side ef...

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Trimester: In obstetrics, one of the three divisions of three months each during pregnancy...

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Ubiquitous: Present everywhere. The small protein called ubiquitin was so-named because it...

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Ventilation: The exchange of air between the lungs and the atmosphere so that oxygen can ...

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Medical Dictionary