Font Size
A
A
A
1
...

Liver (Function, Anatomy, and Liver Diseases)

Liver Facts

  • The liver is the largest solid organ in the body, weighing on average about 3.5 pounds.
  • The liver carries out a large number of critical functions, including manufacture of essential proteins, and metabolism of fats and carbohydrates.
  • The liver also serves to eliminate harmful biochemical waste products and detoxify alcohol, certain drugs, and environmental toxins.
  • The liver forms and secretes bile that contains bile acids to aid in the digestion and intestinal absorption of fats and the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K.
  • Diseases that may affect the liver include hepatitis (inflammation of the liver), cirrhosis (scarring), fatty liver, and liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma).
  • Symptoms of liver disease may include:

Liver Overview

The liver is the largest solid organ in the body. People may not know that the liver is also the largest gland in the body. The liver is actually two different types of gland. It is a secretory gland because it has a specialized structure that is designed to allow it to make and secrete bile into the bile ducts. It also is an endocrine gland since it makes and secretes chemicals directly into the blood that have effects on other organs in the body. Bile is a fluid that both aids in digestion and absorption of fats as well as carries waste products into the intestine.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/25/2016
Next Page:
1
...

Must Read Articles Related to Liver

Cirrhosis
Cirrhosis Cirrhosis is a scarring of the learn more >>
Hepatitis C Medications
Current and Future Medications for Hepatitis C Inflammation of the liver caused by infection with ...learn more >>
Fatty Liver
Fatty Liver Disease Fatty liver disease (NASH, NAFLD, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and nonalcoholic related steatohepatitis) is a disease where by there is an increased accumul...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Liver (Liver Disease, Anatomy, and Function):

Liver - Liver Disease

What type of liver disease do you have? Please share the treatments and lifestyle changes you have made.

Liver - Liver Disease Symptoms

What were the symptoms associated with your liver disease?

Liver - Liver Biopsy

Please share your experience with liver biopsy.

Liver - Diagnosis

What tests and exams did you undergo to diagnose your case of liver disease?



Medical Dictionary