Liver Biopsy Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Liver Biopsy article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal cavity: The cavity within the abdomen, the space between the abdominal wall and...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Ambulatory: Able to walk about, not bedridden or immobile.

Analysis: In psychology, a term for conversation-based therapeutic processes used to gain ...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

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Ascites: An abnormal accumulation of fluid within the abdomen. There are many causes of as...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Autoimmune: Pertaining to autoimmunity, a misdirected immune response that occurs when the...

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Autoimmune disease: An illness that occurs when the body tissues are attacked by its own i...

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Autoimmune hepatitis: A disease in which the body's immune system attacks liver cells, cau...

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Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Bile: Bile is a yellow-green fluid that is made by the liver, stored in the gallbladder a...

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Biliary: Having to do with the gallbladder, bile ducts, or bile. The biliary system itself...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Blood transfusion: The transfer of blood or blood components from one person (the donor) i...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Capsule: Capsule has many meanings in medicine including the following:

  1. In medici...

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Catheter: A thin, flexible tube.

Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Cholecystectomy: Surgical removal of the gallbladder. This procedure may be done by laparo...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Cirrhosis: Liver disease characterized by irreversible scarring. Alcohol and viral hepatit...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Contrast: Short for "contrast media." Contrast media are X-ray dyes used to provide contra...

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CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Duct: A walled passageway, such as a lymph duct, that carries fluid from one place to anot...

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Elective: In medicine, something chosen (elected). An elective procedure is one that is ch...

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Elective surgery: Surgery that is subject to choice (election). The choice may be made by ...

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Enoxaparin: A low-molecular-weight version of heparin that acts like heparin as an anticoa...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Fluoroscopy: An x-ray procedure that makes it possible to see internal organs in motion.

Gallbladder: A pear-shaped organ located below the liver that stores the bile secreted by ...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart rate: The number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually per minute. The heart rate ...

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Hematoma: A localized swelling that is filled with blood caused by a break in the wall of ...

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Hemochromatosis: An inherited disorder characterized by abnormally high absorption of iron...

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Hemodialysis: A medical procedure that uses a special machine (a dialysis machine) to fil...

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Hepatic: Having to do with the liver.

Hepatic vein: One of the veins which drains blood from the liver.

Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver, irrespective of the cause. Hepatitis is caused by a ...

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Hepatitis B: Inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis B virus (HBV), once thought t...

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Hepatitis C: Inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is usuall...

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Hepatomegaly: An abnormally enlarged liver. Hepatomegaly can be caused by heart failure, b...

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Hyaluronic acid: A viscous slippery substance that lubricates the joints, maintains the sh...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inferior: In anatomy, below or toward the feet. As opposed to superior. The liver is infer...

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Inferior vena cava: A large vein that receives blood from the lower extremities, pelvis an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Informed consent: The process by which a patient learns about and understands the purpose,...

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Infuse: In medicine, to introduce a solution into the body through a vein. An infusion is ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Internal jugular vein: The deeper of the two jugular veins in the neck that drain blood fr...

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Interventional: Pertaining to the act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the ...

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Interventional radiologist: A radiologist who uses image guidance methods to gain access t...

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Intestine: The long, tubelike organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion...

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Intraoperative: During surgery.

Iron: An essential mineral. Iron is necessary for the transport of oxygen (via hemoglobin ...

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Iron overload: Iron overload can damage the heart, liver, gonads and other organs.

Jugular: The principal vein in the front of either side of the neck. The word comes from t...

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Jugular vein: The jugular veins are in the neck and drain blood from the head, brain, face...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Laparoscopic: 1. Pertaining to the procedure of laparoscopy.
2. Pert...

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Lesion: An area of abnormal tissue change. Lesions vary in severity from harmless to serio...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Liver biopsy: A procedure in which a small sample of the liver is removed for the diagnosi...

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Liver disease: Liver disease refers to any disorder of the liver. The liver is a large org...

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Liver transplant: Surgery to remove a diseased liver and replace it with a healthy liver (...

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Lobe: Part of an organ that appears to be separate in some way from the rest. A lobe may b...

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Malignancy: A tumor that is malignant (cancerous), that can invade and destroy nearby tiss...

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Malignant: 1. Tending to be severe and become progressively worse, as in malignant ...

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Metabolic: Relating to metabolism, the whole range of biochemical processes that occur wit...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Narcotic: 1. A drug that causes insensibility or stupor. A narcotic induces narcosi...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nurse: 1) A person trained, licensed, or skilled in nursing. 2) To feed an infant at the ...

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Obesity: The state of being well above one's normal weight.

Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Operating room: A facility that is equipped for performing surgery. Abbreviated OR.

Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Oxycodone: Oxycodone is the active ingredient in OxyContin. Oxycodone is an opioid, a clos...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pathology: The study of disease. Pathology has been defined as "that branch of medicine...

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Percutaneous: Through the skin. For example, a percutaneous biopsy is a biopsy that is obt...

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Percutaneous liver biopsy: A liver biopsy that is done through the skin with a needle. A p...

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Radiologist: A physician specialized in radiology, the branch of medicine that uses ionizi...

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Radiology: The medical specialty concerned with radiation for the diagnosis and treatment ...

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Renal: Having to do with the kidney. For example, renal cancer is cancer of the kidneys.

Rib: One of the 12 paired arches of bone that form the skeletal structure of the chest wal...

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Rib cage: The structure formed by the thoracic vertebrae and ribs, the sternum (breastbone...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sedative: A drug that calms a patient, easing agitation and permitting sleep. Sedatives ge...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

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Shoulder blade: The familiar flat triangular bone at the back of the shoulder. Known famil...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tomography: The process for generating a tomogram, a two-dimensional image of a slice or s...

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Transfusion: The transfer of blood or blood products from one person (the donor) into the ...

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Transplant: The grafting of a tissue from one place to another, just as in botany a bu...

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Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Uncertainty: "Medicine's ground state is uncertainty. And wisdom -- for both patients and ...

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Vein: A blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen content from the body back t...

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Vena cava: The superior vena cava is the large vein which returns blood to the heart from ...

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Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

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Viable: Capable of life. For example, a viable premature baby is one who is able to surviv...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Viral infection: Infection caused by the presence of a virus in the body. Depending on...

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Warfarin: An anticoagulant drug (brand names: Coumarin, Panwarfin, Sofarin) taken to prev...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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