Font Size
A
A
A

Liver Blood Tests (cont.)

Evaluation of Healthy Patients for Mild to Moderate Rises in Aminotransferase Levels

The most important step in evaluating patients with abnormal liver enzyme levels is to take a thorough medical history and perform a complete medical examination. All the patient's medications, including over-the-counter drugs and herbal remedies need to be noted.

Any history of blood transfusion (especially if done a long time ago when screening for donated blood was much less strict), history of intravenous (injection) or intranasal (snorting) drug use or needle sharing, tattoos, sexual contact with someone with possible viral hepatitis, alcohol consumption, foreign travel, and possible consumption of contaminated food need to be questioned.

Furthermore, in addition to the liver tests (transaminases), other tests to screen the liver functions, such as a blood coagulation panel, albumin level, and total bilirubin level as well as a complete blood count need to be measured. Screening for viral hepatitis is also routinely done to detect any possible active infections of the liver (acute or chronic active) or to determine immunity against these viruses either through prior infections or vaccination.

In many instances, a physician may also order an ultrasound of the liver to assess the structure of the liver and the biliary tree as well to look for any gallstones that may be causing the liver disease.

Symptoms of the mild to moderate elevation of liver enzymes may vary from no symptoms at all to generalized:

  • malaise,
  • fatigue,
  • fever,
  • poor appetite,
  • abdominal pain,
  • jaundice (yellowing of skin),
  • itching,
  • nausea, or
  • vomiting.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/6/2014

Must Read Articles Related to Liver Blood Tests

Abdominal Pain (Adults)
Abdominal Pain in Adults Abdominal pain in adults can range from a mild stomach ache to severe pain. Examples of causes of abdominal pain in adults include appendicitis, gallbladder dis...learn more >>
Abdominal Pain in Children
Abdominal Pain in Children Abdominal pain in children can range from trivial to life-threatening. Some possible causes of abdominal pain in children are: infections, food related (food al...learn more >>
Acetaminophen Poisoning  (Tylenol)
Acetaminophen (Tylenol) Poisoning Acetaminophen (Tylenol) poisoning is caused primarily by damage to the liver. Symptoms of acetaminophen (Tylenol) poisoning include nausea, vomiting, abdominal ...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Liver Blood Tests:

Liver Blood Tests - Experience

Please describe your experience with liver blood tests.

Liver Blood Tests Abnormal - Results

What were the results of your liver blood test?

Liver Blood Tests - Diagnosis

Please describe how Liver Blood Tests has helped in your diagnosis.





Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Perioperative Management of the Patient with Liver Disease »

The number of patients with cirrhosis who require surgery is on the rise.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


Medical Dictionary