Liver Transplant (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Liver Transplant Causes
Liver disease severe enough to require a liver transplant can come from many causes. Doctors have developed various systems to determine the need for the surgery. Two commonly used methods are by specific disease process or a combination of laboratory abnormalities and clinical conditions that arise from the liver disease. Ultimately, the transplantation team takes into account the type of liver disease, the person's blood test results, and the person's health problems in order to determine who is a suitable candidate for transplantation.
In adults, chronic active hepatitis and cirrhosis (from alcoholism, unknown cause, or biliary) are the most common diseases requiring transplantation. In children, and in adolescents younger than 18 years, the most common reason for liver transplantation is biliary atresia, which is an incomplete development of the bile ducts.
Laboratory test values and clinical or health problems are used to determine a person's eligibility for a liver transplant.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/14/2015
Steve Guillen, MD
Martin Black, MD, FRCP
Grace Thomas, MD
Robert M McNamara, MD, FAAEM
Michael D Burg, MD
Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD
James Ungar, MD
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Liver Transplant - Causes
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