Low Blood Sugar: Emergency Care for a Child
This information is for people who may help your child if your child is too weak or confused to treat low blood sugar. Make a copy for each of your child's caregivers.
- Make sure the child can swallow. Give the child ½ teaspoon of water. If the child can swallow the water without choking or coughing:
- Give him or her 4 oz of liquid (juice or soda pop) from the list of quick-sugar foods or glucose tabs or gel if available.
- Wait 10 to 15 minutes.
- Offer the child more quick-sugar food if he or she is feeling better but still has some symptoms of low blood sugar.
- Check the child's blood sugar level using his or her blood sugar (glucose) meter if available.
- Stay with the child until his or her blood sugar level is 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or higher.
- Offer the child a snack (such as cheese and crackers or half of a sandwich).
- If the child becomes more sleepy or seems to have no energy, call or other emergency services.
- If the child is unconscious or unable to swallow:
- Call for emergency care right away.
- Make sure the child's airway is not blocked.
- Give the child a shot of glucagon if one is available. See the slideshow about how to give a glucagon injection.
- If emergency help has not arrived within 5 minutes and the child is unconscious, give another glucagon shot.
- Stay with the child until emergency help comes.
|Primary Medical Reviewer||John Pope, MD - Pediatrics|
|Specialist Medical Reviewer||Stephen LaFranchi, MD - Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrinology|
|Last Revised||July 16, 2010|