Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar) article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Absorption: Uptake. For example, intestinal absorption is the uptake of food (or other sub...

See the entire definition of Absorption

Adrenal gland: A small gland located on top of the kidney. The adrenal glands produce horm...

See the entire definition of Adrenal gland

Amino acids: The building blocks of polypeptides and proteins.

Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

See the entire definition of Anxiety

Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome: An overgrowth syndrome, whose clinical manifestations typical...

See the entire definition of Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome

Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

See the entire definition of Benign

Bioinformatics: The sum of the computational approaches to analyze, manage, and store biol...

See the entire definition of Bioinformatics

Blood glucose: The main sugar that the body makes from the food in the diet. Glucose is ca...

See the entire definition of Blood glucose

Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

See the entire definition of Blood pressure

Blood sugar: Blood glucose. See also: High blood sugar; Low blood sugar.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

See the entire definition of Brain

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

See the entire definition of Cancer

Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

See the entire definition of Cell

Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

See the entire definition of Chemotherapy back to top

Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

See the entire definition of Chronic

Coma: A state of deep, unarousable unconsciousness. A coma may occur as a result of head t...

See the entire definition of Coma

Congenital: A condition that is present at birth, whether or not it is inherited.

Cortisol: A metabolite of the primary stress hormone cortisone. Cortisol is an essential f...

See the entire definition of Cortisol

Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

See the entire definition of Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus: Better known just as "diabetes" -- a chronic disease associated with ab...

See the entire definition of Diabetes mellitus

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

Endocrinology: The study of the medical aspects of hormones, including diseases and condit...

See the entire definition of Endocrinology

Epinephrine: A substance produced by the medulla (inside) of the adrenal gland. The name e...

See the entire definition of Epinephrine

Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

See the entire definition of Essential

Fibrosarcoma: A malignant tumor consisting of fibroblasts (connective tissue cells that pr...

See the entire definition of Fibrosarcoma

Forearm: The portion of the upper limb from the elbow to the wrist. The forearm has two bo...

See the entire definition of Forearm

Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

See the entire definition of Gland

Glucose: The simple sugar that is the chief source of energy. Glucose is found in the bloo...

See the entire definition of Glucose back to top

Growth hormone: A hormone made in the pituitary gland that stimulates the release of anoth...

See the entire definition of Growth hormone

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

See the entire definition of Headache

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

See the entire definition of Heart

Hemoglobin: The oxygen-carrying pigment and predominant protein in the red blood cells. He...

See the entire definition of Hemoglobin

Hemoglobin A1c: A minor component of hemoglobin to which glucose is bound. Abbreviated HbA...

See the entire definition of Hemoglobin A1C

Hepatoma: Cancer originating in the liver, in liver cells. More often called hepatocarcino...

See the entire definition of Hepatoma

Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

See the entire definition of Hormone

Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar (glucose). Hypoglycemia may be associated with symptoms such...

See the entire definition of Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemic: Relating to hypoglycemia, an abnormally low level of the sugar glucose in th...

See the entire definition of Hypoglycemic

Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

See the entire definition of Infection

Informatics: The application of computers and statistics to the management of information....

See the entire definition of Informatics

Insulin: A natural hormone made by the pancreas that controls the level of the sugar gluco...

See the entire definition of Insulin

Insulinoma: A tumor of the beta cells in areas of the pancreas called the islets of Langer...

See the entire definition of Insulinoma

Internal medicine: The medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and medical treatment ...

See the entire definition of Internal medicine back to top

Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

See the entire definition of Kidney

Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

See the entire definition of Liver

Low blood pressure: Any blood pressure that is below the normal expected for an individua...

See the entire definition of Low blood pressure

Low blood sugar: A low blood level of the sugar glucose. Also called hypoglycemia.

Malignant: 1. Tending to be severe and become progressively worse, as in malignant ...

See the entire definition of Malignant

Mesothelioma: A malignant tumor of the mesothelium, the thin lining of the surface of the ...

See the entire definition of Mesothelioma

Metabolism: The whole range of biochemical processes that occur within a living organism. ...

See the entire definition of Metabolism

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

See the entire definition of Muscle

Nutrition: 1) The science or practice of taking in and utilizing foods. 2) A nourishing ...

See the entire definition of Nutrition

Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

See the entire definition of Organ

Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

See the entire definition of Oxygen

Palpitations: Unpleasant sensations of irregular and/or forceful beating of the heart. In ...

See the entire definition of Palpitations

Pancreas: A spongy, tube-shaped organ that is about 6 inches long and is located in the ba...

See the entire definition of Pancreas

Pancreatic: Having to do with the pancreas.

Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

See the entire definition of Pharmacy back to top

Pituitary: 1. As an adjective, pertaining to the pituitary gland or its hormonal se...

See the entire definition of Pituitary

Pituitary gland: The main endocrine gland. It is a small structure in the head. It is ca...

See the entire definition of Pituitary gland

Plasma: The liquid part of the blood and lymphatic fluid, which makes up about half of the...

See the entire definition of Plasma

Recur: To occur again; to return. For example, a symptom, sign, or disease can recur.

Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

See the entire definition of Recurrent

Refractory: Not yielding, or not yielding readily, to treatment.

Regimen: A plan or a regulated course, such as a diet, exercise, or treatment, that is des...

See the entire definition of Regimen

Remedy: Something that consistently helps treat or cure a disease.

Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

See the entire definition of Resistance

Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

See the entire definition of Rule out

Serum: The clear liquid that can be separated from clotted blood. Serum differs from plas...

See the entire definition of Serum

Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

See the entire definition of Stomach

Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

See the entire definition of Stress

Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

See the entire definition of Substance

Sulfonylurea: A class of oral hypoglycemic agents (medications that lower the level of blo...

See the entire definition of Sulfonylurea back to top

Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

See the entire definition of Surgeon

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

See the entire definition of Surgery

Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

See the entire definition of Sweating

Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Syringe: A medical device that is used to inject fluid into, or withdraw fluid from, the b...

See the entire definition of Syringe

Taste: A perception that results from stimulation of a gustatory nerve. Taste belongs to t...

See the entire definition of Taste

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

See the entire definition of Tumor

Type 1 diabetes: See Diabetes, type 1.

Type 2 diabetes: See Diabetes, type 2.

back to top







Medical Dictionary