Low Potassium Topic Guide
Low Potassium (Hypokalemia): Potassium is an electrolyte necessary for bodily functions. Causes of low potassium (hypokalemia) include medications, chronic laxative abuse, kidney failure, leukemia, other mineral deficiencies, vomiting, diarrhea, and malnutrition. Symptoms of low potassium include tiredness, weakness, muscle cramps, tingling, nausea, vomiting, constipation, palpitations, fainting, low blood pressure, abdominal cramping or bloating. Treatment depends upon the cause of the potassium deficiency.
Dehydration in Children Dehydration in children can result from not drinking enough liquids, vomiting, diarrhea, or combination of these conditions. Causes of dehydration in children include viral, bacterial, or parasitic infections, diabetes, and increased sweating, and others. Symptoms include sunken eyes, decrease in urination, no tears when crying, dry mouth, lethargy, and irritability. Treatment at home includes proper fluid replacement. Some cases of dehydration are so severe they may require hospitalization.
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