Low Potassium Topic Guide
Low Potassium (Hypokalemia): Potassium is an electrolyte necessary for bodily functions. Causes of low potassium (hypokalemia) include medications, chronic laxative abuse, kidney failure, leukemia, other mineral deficiencies, vomiting, diarrhea, and malnutrition. Symptoms of low potassium include tiredness, weakness, muscle cramps, tingling, nausea, vomiting, constipation, palpitations, fainting, low blood pressure, abdominal cramping or bloating. Treatment depends upon the cause of the potassium deficiency.
Diabetic Ketoacidosis Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) occurs when a person with diabetes becomes dehydrated. Causes of diabetic ketoacidosis include infection, missed insulin, or newly diagnosed diabetes. Symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis include excessive thirst, vomiting, confusion, dry skin, dry mouth, shortness of breath, abdominal pain, and more. Treatment is includes fluid and insulin replacement with possible hospitalization.
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