Low Potassium Topic Guide
Low Potassium (Hypokalemia): Potassium is an electrolyte necessary for bodily functions. Causes of low potassium (hypokalemia) include medications, chronic laxative abuse, kidney failure, leukemia, other mineral deficiencies, vomiting, diarrhea, and malnutrition. Symptoms of low potassium include tiredness, weakness, muscle cramps, tingling, nausea, vomiting, constipation, palpitations, fainting, low blood pressure, abdominal cramping or bloating. Treatment depends upon the cause of the potassium deficiency.
Kidney Disease Twenty percent of people over the age of 20 years will develop chronic kidney disease in their lifetime. Chronic kidney disease causes are diseases of the kidney(s), diabetes, uncontrolled high blood pressure, Glomerulonephritis, polycystic disease, medications, and other conditions. Symptoms include: fatigue, nausea and vomiting, edema, itching, easy bruising, anemia, headaches, insomnia, restless leg syndrome, chest pain, and more. Treatment generally involves dialysis, or kidney transplantation depending on the condition of the patient and kidney(s).
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