Low Testosterone (Low-T)
Low testosterone (low-T) facts
- Low testosterone is a term used by physicians to describe below normal levels of the hormone testosterone in individuals.
- Symptoms of low testosterone include
in men as the most common symptom; there are many other symptoms that can
occur in both men and women (for example, low sex drive, bone and muscle
tissue loss, depression).
- Causes of low-T are numerous; some are classified into primary, secondary or tertiary causes while others are due to underlying diseases or conditions and/or lifestyle factors.
- Medical care should be sought for symptoms of low-T.
- Low-T is presumptively diagnosed by clinical signs and symptoms; definitive diagnosis is usually done in
adult males by a blood test that determines testosterone levels.
- Treatment in males is done by prescribing
testosterone shots or
testosterone that can be adsorbed topically through the skin or gums.
- The complications of low-T are many and include erectile dysfunction, depression, bone density loss, muscle loss, and many others.
- The outlook for patients with low-T may range from good to poor, depending on a
individual's sex, age, and response to treatment.
- Low-T cannot be prevented in some individuals usually because of genetic or underlying diseases; however, in other
individuals, low-T can be prevented or delayed by lifestyle changes and choices.
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