Lumbar Disc Disease Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Lumbar Disc Disease article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Aging: The process of becoming older, a process that is genetically determined and environ...

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American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: The professional organization of American orthop...

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Analysis: In psychology, a term for conversation-based therapeutic processes used to gain ...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Back pain: Pain felt in the low or upper back. Causes of pain in the low and upper back in...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Blurred vision: Lack of sharpness of vision with, as a result, the inability to see fine d...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Conditioning: 1) Exercise and practice to build the body up for either improved normal pe...

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Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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Decompression: 1. In general, the removal of pressure.
2. In surgery, ...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Disc: Shortened terminology for an intervertebral disc, a disk-shaped piece of specialized...

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Dry mouth: The condition of not having enough saliva to keep the mouth wet. This is due to...

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Electromyogram: A test that records the electrical activity of muscles. Normal muscles pro...

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Epidural: Outside the dura, the outermost, toughest, and most fibrous of the three membran...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Low back pain: Pain in the lower back area that can relate to problems with the lumbar spi...

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Lumbar: Referring to the five lumbar vertebrae, the disks below them, and the correspondin...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Morphine: A powerful narcotic agent that has strong analgesic (pain relief) action and oth...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Narcotic: 1. A drug that causes insensibility or stupor. A narcotic induces narcosi...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Neuroscience: The study of the brain and nervous system, including molecular neuroscience...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Orthopedics: The branch of surgery that is broadly concerned with the skeletal system. Som...

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Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calc...

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Oxycodone: Oxycodone is the active ingredient in OxyContin. Oxycodone is an opioid, a clos...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Peptic ulcer: An ulcer in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. Peptic ulcers...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Preoperative: Before surgery. As opposed to postoperative, after surgery.

Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Sciatica: Pain that results from irritation of the sciatic nerve and typically radiates fr...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Spinal cord: The major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies with...

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Spinal fusion: A surgical procedure in which two or more of the vertebrae in the spine are...

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Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

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Spondylosis: Degeneration of the disc spaces between the vertebrae. Spondylosis is common ...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

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Toxicity: The degree to which a substance (a toxin or poison) can harm humans or animals. ...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Ulcer: A lesion that is eroding away the skin or mucous membrane. Ulcers can have various ...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vertebrae: The preferred plural of vertebra. (The alternate plural is vertebras.) See also...

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Medical Dictionary