Lumbar Laminectomy Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Lumbar Laminectomy article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal muscles: A large group of muscles in the front of the abdomen that assists in th...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. Fr...

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Analgesia: The inability to feel pain.

Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Anesthesiologist: A physician or, less often, a dentist who is specialized in the practice...

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Annulus: A ringlike structure, or any body part that is shaped like a ring. Applied to man...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Back pain: Pain felt in the low or upper back. Causes of pain in the low and upper back in...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Blood clot: A mass of coagulated blood. A blood clot can block a major blood vessel, causi...

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Blood clots: Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. Also called a t...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cartilage: Firm, rubbery tissue that cushions bones at joints. A flexible kind of cartilag...

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Catheter: A thin, flexible tube.

Cauda equina: A bundle of spinal nerve roots that arise from the end of the spinal cord. T...

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Cauda equina syndrome: Impairment of the nerves in the cauda equina, characterized by dull...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Compression: 1. The act of pressing together. As in a compression fracture, nerve c...

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Decompression: 1. In general, the removal of pressure.
2. In surgery, ...

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Disc: Shortened terminology for an intervertebral disc, a disk-shaped piece of specialized...

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Embolism: The obstruction of a blood vessel by a foreign substance or a blood clot that tr...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Extremity: An uttermost part of the body, such as a hand or a foot.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Herniated disc: Rupturing of the tissue that separates the vertebral bones of the spinal c...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Indication: 1. In medicine, a condition which makes a particular treatment or proce...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

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Lamina: Plates or layers. For example, the lamina arcus vertebrae are plates of bone withi...

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Laminectomy: A surgical procedure in which the posterior arch of a vertebra is removed. La...

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Ligament: A tough band of connective tissue that connects various structures, such as two ...

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Low back pain: Pain in the lower back area that can relate to problems with the lumbar spi...

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Lumbar: Referring to the five lumbar vertebrae, the disks below them, and the correspondin...

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Lumbar vertebrae: The five vertebrae situated between the thoracic vertebrae and the sacra...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Nerve compression: Pinching' of a nerve that is due to too much pressure on it. For exampl...

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Neurological: Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system as, for example, a neurol...

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Neurosurgeon: A physician who specializes in surgery on the brain and other parts of the n...

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Nucleus: 1) In cell biology, the structure that houses the chromosomes. 2) In neuroanato...

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Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Patient controlled analgesia: See: PCA.

Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Postoperative: After surgery. As opposed to preoperative, before surgery.

Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

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Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Pulmonary embolism: Sudden closure of a pulmonary artery or one of its branches, caused by...

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Radiate: To spread out from a central area. For example, sciatic pain may radiate outward ...

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Reflex: An involuntary reaction. For example, the corneal reflex is the blink that occurs ...

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Sciatic nerve: The largest nerve in the body, the sciatic nerve begins from nerve roots in...

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Sciatica: Pain that results from irritation of the sciatic nerve and typically radiates fr...

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Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Spinal cord: The major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies with...

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Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Strain: 1. An injury to a tendon or muscle resulting from overuse or trauma. 2. A heredita...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Temple: The area just behind and to the side of the forehead and the eye, above the side o...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vertebra: A vertebra is one of 33 bony segments that form the spinal column of humans. Th...

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Vertebrae: The preferred plural of vertebra. (The alternate plural is vertebras.) See also...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

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