Lumpectomy Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Lumpectomy article.

Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

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Areola: 1. The small darkened area around the nipple of the breast. 2. The colored part of...

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Axillary: Pertaining to the armpit, the cavity beneath the junction of the arm and the bod...

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Axillary dissection: Removal of a portion of the lymph nodes under the arm.

Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Breast cancer: Breast cancer is diagnosed with self- and physician-examination of the brea...

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Breast lump: A localized swelling, knot, bump, bulge or protuberance in the breast. Breast...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cellulitis: A spreading bacterial infection underneath the skin surface characterized by r...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Collagen: The principal protein of the skin, tendons, cartilage, bone, and connective tiss...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Connective tissue: A material made up of fibers forming a framework and support structure...

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Cuts: Severed skin. Washing a cut or scrape with soap and water and keeping it clean and d...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Dissection: The process of cutting apart or separating tissue as, for example, in the stud...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Endocrine: Pertaining to hormones and the glands that make and secrete them into the blood...

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Excision: 1. Surgical removal, as in the excision of a tumor. 2. The remov...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fetus: An unborn offspring, from the embryo stage (the end of the eighth week after concep...

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Hair loss: Hair loss is the thinning of hair on the scalp. The medical term for hair loss ...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Hormone therapy: Treatment of disease or symptoms with synthetic or naturally derived horm...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Irradiation: The use of high-energy radiation from x-rays, gamma rays, neutrons, and other...

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Lumpectomy: The surgical removal of a small tumor, which may be benign or cancerous. In co...

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Lupus: A chronic inflammatory disease that is caused by autoimmunity. Patients with lupus ...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Lymph node: One of many small, bean-shaped organs located throughout the lymphatic system....

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Lymphatic: Pertaining to a small, thin channel that is similar to a blood vessel and that ...

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Lymphatic system: The tissues and organs, including the bone marrow, spleen, thymus, and l...

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Lymphedema: A condition in which excess fluid collects in tissue and causes swelling. Lymp...

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Malignancy: A tumor that is malignant (cancerous), that can invade and destroy nearby tiss...

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Malignant: 1. Tending to be severe and become progressively worse, as in malignant ...

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Mammogram: An X-ray of the breast that is taken with a device that compresses and flattens...

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Mastectomy: A general term for removal of the breast, usually to remove cancerous tissue. ...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Node: Literally a knot, a node is a collection of tissue. For example a lymph node, is a ...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Palpable: Something that can be felt. For example, a palpable growth is one that can be de...

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Phlebitis: Inflammation of a vein. With phlebitis, there is infiltration of the walls of t...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

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Radiation therapy: The use of high-energy rays to damage cancer cells, stopping them from ...

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Range of motion: The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and ...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission. The reappearance ...

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Resection: Surgical removal of part of an organ.

Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Scleroderma: A disease of connective tissue that causes scar tissue (fibrosis) to form in ...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sentinel lymph node: The first lymph node to receive lymphatic drainage from a tumor. The ...

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Sentinel lymph node biopsy: Examination of the first lymph node ("gland") that receives ly...

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Sentinel node biopsy: See: Sentinel lymph node biopsy.

Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Tubes: The "tubes" are medically known as the Fallopian tubes. There are two Fallopian tub...

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Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vascular: Relating to blood vessels. For example, the vascular system in the body includes...

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Vein: A blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen content from the body back t...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary