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Lymphoma (cont.)

What Is the Prognosis of Lymphoma?

The outlook for HL is very good. It is one of the most curable cancers. The five-year survival rate after treatment is greater than 80% for adults and greater than 90% for children.

As a result of refinements in and more aggressive approaches to therapy, the outlook for NHL has improved significantly in the last few decades. The five-year survival rate after treatment is 69% for adults and up to 90% for children; the 10-year relative survival rate is 59%. The addition of immunotherapy to standard treatment for NHLs may further improve survival rates so that life expectancy may move toward normal.

Many people live with lymphoma in remission for many years after treatment.

Is It Possible to Prevent Lymphoma?

There is no known way to prevent lymphoma. A standard recommendation is to avoid the known risk factors for the disease. However, some risk factors for lymphoma are unknown, and therefore impossible to avoid. Infection with viruses such as HIV, EBV, and hepatitis are risk factors that can be avoided with frequent hand washing, practicing safe sex, and by not sharing needles, razors, toothbrushes, and similar personal items that might be contaminated with infected blood or secretions.

Support Groups and Counseling for Lymphoma

Living with lymphoma presents many new challenges for an individual and his or her family and friends.

  • There may be many worries about how the lymphoma will affect one's ability to "live a normal life," that is, to care for family and home, to hold a job, and to continue the friendships and activities one enjoys.
  • Many people feel anxious and depressed. Some people feel angry and resentful; others feel helpless and defeated.

For most people with lymphoma, talking about their feelings and concerns can be helpful.

  • Friends and family members can be very supportive. They may be hesitant to offer support until they see how the affected person is coping. If the affected person wishes to talk about his or her concerns, it is important to let them know to do so.
  • Some people don't want to "burden" their loved ones, or they prefer talking about their concerns with a more neutral professional. A social worker, counselor, or member of the clergy can be helpful if one wishes to discuss their feelings and concerns about having lymphoma. The treating hematologist or oncologist should be able to recommend someone.
  • Many people with lymphoma are helped profoundly by talking to other people who have lymphoma. Sharing such concerns with others who have been through the same thing can be remarkably reassuring. Support groups of people with lymphoma may be available through the medical center where one is receiving treatment. The American Cancer Society also has information about support groups all over the United States.

REFERENCES:

American Cancer Society. "Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma." Jan. 22, 2016. <http://www.cancer.org/cancer/non-hodgkinlymphoma/detailedguide/non-hodgkin-lymphoma-types-of-non-hodgkin-lymphoma>.

"Clinical presentation and diagnosis of non-Hodgkin lymphoma." UptoDate.com

"Epidemiology, pathologic features, and diagnosis of classical Hodgkin lymphoma." UptoDate.com


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/25/2016

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Lymphoma, B-Cell »

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a heterogenous group of lymphoproliferative malignancies with differing patterns of behavior and responses to treatment (Armitage, 1993).

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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