Malaria Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Malaria article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acquired: Not inherited, or present at birth (congenital), but developing after birth. For...

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Anemia: The condition of having a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or quantity ...

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Blood transfusion: The transfer of blood or blood components from one person (the donor) i...

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Breastfeeding: Feeding a child human breast milk. According to the American Academy of Ped...

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Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

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CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: The US agency charged with tracking and invest...

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Cerebral: Of or pertaining to the cerebrum or the brain.

Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Coma: A state of deep, unarousable unconsciousness. A coma may occur as a result of head t...

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Contagious: capable of being transmitted from one human to another human via direct or ind...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Dengue: Also known as Dengue fever, an acute mosquito-borne viral illness of sudden onset ...

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Dengue fever: An acute mosquito-borne viral illness of sudden onset with headache, fever, ...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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DNA: Deoxyribonucleic acid. One of two types of molecules that encode genetic information...

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Doxycycline: Brand name: Vibramycin. A synthetic broad-spectrum antibiotic derived from te...

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Drug resistance: The ability of bacteria and other microorganisms to withstand a drug that...

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Edema: The swelling of soft tissues as a result of excess fluid accumulation. Edema is oft...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Endemic: A characteristic of a particular population, environment, or region. Examples of ...

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Enzyme: Proteins that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction in a living organism. An e...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fetus: An unborn offspring, from the embryo stage (the end of the eighth week after concep...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Flu: Flu is a colloquialism for influenza. The flu is an acute respiratory illness caused ...

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Gene: The basic biological unit of heredity. A segment of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) need...

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Genes: The basic biological units of heredity. Segments of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) nee...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Hemoglobin: The oxygen-carrying pigment and predominant protein in the red blood cells. He...

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Hemolytic: Referring to hemolysis, the destruction of red blood cells which leads to the r...

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Hemolytic anemia: Anemia due to the destruction, rather than underproduction, of red blood...

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Hepatic: Having to do with the liver.

Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immunity: The condition of being immune. Immunity can be innate'for example, humans are in...

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Incubation period: In medicine, the time from the moment of exposure to an infectious agen...

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Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Isolate: To separate from others as during an infectious disease.

Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Malaria: An infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites from the Plasmodium family th...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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Microscopy: The examination of minute objects by means of a microscope, an instrument whic...

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Miscarriage: Inadvertent loss of a pregnancy before the fetus is viable. A considerable pr...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Organ failure: The failure of an essential system in the body. Multiple organ failure is t...

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Parasite: A plant or an animal organism that lives in or on another and takes its nourishm...

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Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

Placenta: A temporary organ that joins the mother and fetus, transferring oxygen and nutri...

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Plasmodium: The genus of the class of Sporazoa that includes the parasite that causes mala...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Premature birth: A birth that takes place before 37 weeks of gestation have passed. Histor...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Prophylaxis: The prevention of disease.

Proteins: Large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids in a specific orde...

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Protozoa: A parasitic single-celled organism that can divide only within a host organism. ...

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Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Pulmonary edema: Fluid in the lungs.

Quarantine: A period of isolation decreed to control the spread of infectious disease. Bef...

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Quinine: The original antimalarial agent, quinine took its name from the Peruvian Indian w...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Red blood cells: The blood cells that carry oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Red cells: Short for red blood cells, the oxygen/carbon dioxide carrying cells in blood. A...

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Relapse: The return of signs and symptoms of a disease after a remission.

Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Rupture: A break or tear in any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue (such as the ach...

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Sickle cell disease: A genetic blood disorder caused by the presence of an abnormal form ...

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Sickle cell trait: The condition in which a person has only one copy of the gene for sickl...

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Spleen: An organ that is located in the upper-left part of the abdomen, not far from the s...

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Stage: As regards cancer, the extent of a cancer, especially whether the disease has spre...

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Stillbirth: The birth of a dead baby, the delivery of a fetus that has died before birth f...

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Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Trait: In genetics, a trait refers to any genetically determined characteristic. In techni...

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Transfusion: The transfer of blood or blood products from one person (the donor) into the ...

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Tuberculosis: A highly contagious infection caused by the bacterium called Mycobacteriu...

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Typhoid: See: Typhoid fever.

Vibramycin: Brand name for doxycycline.

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Yellow fever: An acute systemic (bodywide) illness caused by a virus called a Flavivirus. ...

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Medical Dictionary