Font Size

Malaria (cont.)

Malaria Medications

There are several medications available to treat malaria, including

  • chloroquine (Aralen Phosphate),
  • atovaquone-proguanil (Malarone),
  • artemether-lumefantrine (Coartem),
  • mefloquine (Lariam),
  • quinine (Qualaquin),
  • quinidine (Quinaglute Dura-Tabs, Quinidex Extentabs, Quin-Release),
  • doxycycline (Adoxa, Alodox, Avidoxy, Doryx, Monodox, Oracea, Oraxyl, Periostat, Vibramycin, Vibramycin Calcium, Vibramycin Monohydrate, Vibra-Tabs, used in combination with quinine),
  • clindamycin (Cleocin HCl, Cleocin Pediatric, used in combination with quinine),
  • artesunate (available only through the CDC).

The choice of drug depends on the species of Plasmodium and the risk of drug-resistance in the area where the malaria was acquired. In sub-Saharan Africa, for example, older drugs like chloroquine are largely ineffective.

Most medications are available only in tablet or pill form. Intravenous treatment with quinidine may be needed in severe malaria or when the patient cannot take oral medications. Malaria during pregnancy requires treatment by someone who is expert in this area. Miscarriage and maternal death may occur, even in the best of hands.

Importantly, the CDC maintains a malaria hotline. Clinicians can telephone the CDC for advice on diagnosis and treatment of the disease (

Next Page:

Must Read Articles Related to Malaria

Foreign Travel
Foreign Travel It is important to plan well in advance when traveling to a foreign country. Travelers should protect (and prepare) themselves from illness by obtaining the app...learn more >>
Immunizations and Antibiotics for Overseas Travel
Immunizations and Antibiotics for Oversea Travel Most immunizations are not required under International Health Requirements but are recommended. Anyone lacking certain region- or country-specific immunization...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Malaria:

Malaria - Symptoms and Signs

What malaria symptoms and signs did you experience?

Malaria - Treatment

What was the treatment for your malaria?

Malaria - Experience

Please describe your experience with malaria.

Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Malaria »

Malaria, which predominantly occurs in tropical areas, is a potentially life-threatening disease caused by infection with Plasmodium protozoa transmitted by an infective female Anopheles mosquito vector.

Read More on Medscape Reference »

Medical Dictionary