- Malaria is a potentially fatal illness.
People planning to travel to an area with malaria should see their physician
before travel, preferably six weeks before departure. Travelers should use
mosquito precautions and take medications to reduce the risk of disease.
- Mosquito precautions include wearing light, protective clothing and using
window screens and bed nets when available. The mosquito that spreads malaria is
active between dusk and dawn. Insect repellants should be used and should
contain DEET. Room sprays may be used to reduce the mosquito population in
- Several medications are available to prevent malaria. The
choice of medication used for prophylaxis depends on the area of the world that
is being visited and the drug-resistance pattern in that area. In general, the
medications are started before travel, taken while in the malarious area, and
continued for a period of time after leaving the area. Although there are no
immunizations or vaccinations commercially available to prevent malaria, phase 3
trials reported in October 2011 are encouraging that a moderately effective
vaccine will be available soon.
- The Centers for Disease Control maintains a
web page (Regional Malaria Information) that gives specific recommendations for
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