Types of Mastectomy Pictures
Anatomy of the breast. Click to view larger image.
Types of mastectomy. Click to view larger image.
The blue highlighted area indicates breast tissue removed during total (simple) mastectomy. Click to view larger image.
The blue highlighted area indicates breast and lymphatic tissue removed during modified radical mastectomy. Click to view larger image.
The blue highlighted area indicates breast and lymphatic tissue and the red highlighted area indicates muscle removed during radical mastectomy. Click to view larger image.
A 62-year-old woman presents with an infiltrating lobular carcinoma of the right breast (T1N0). These photos represent her appearance after a lumpectomy and staging sentinel lymph node procedure. Her lumpectomy was performed through an incision at the juncture of the areola and steri-strips are still in place. Her lymph node biopsy was completed through a separate small incision in her axilla. Once her tumor size and lymph node status were defined, she was provided information regarding her need for chemotherapy and irradiation therapy before proceeding with complete mastectomy. Additionally, the woman was referred to a plastic surgeon in order to provide her with an opportunity to explore her options for breast reconstruction. Click to view larger image.
Postoperative appearance of the woman from the previous photo after bilateral completion mastectomies without any form of immediate reconstruction. A tradition linear incision was performed at which time all of the breast tissue, the overlying skin, the nipple, and the areola were removed. Care was taken to excise excess soft tissue under her arms to avoid a contour irregularity in her clothing and to facilitate the fitting of an external prosthesis. The choice for a left prophylactic mastectomy was made by the woman with support of her surgical oncologist given a strong family history of breast cancer. She elected not to proceed with any form of immediate breast reconstruction as a personal decision after she had completed an evaluation with a plastic surgeon. She was informed that should she change her mind regarding reconstruction, it could be performed at a later date after the completion of her adjuvant therapy. Click to view larger image.
A 54-year-old woman with a history of previous bilateral silicone breast implant placement for elective breast augmentation presents with a right-sided infiltrating ductal carcinoma (T1NO) diagnosed by core biopsy. These photos represent her preoperative appearance prior to mastectomy and immediate reconstruction. Click to view larger image.
The woman in this photo two years postoperative s/p right skin-sparing mastectomy with immediate right breast reconstruction using a contralateral, rotational transverse rectus abdominus myocutaneous (TRAM) flap with staged nipple reconstruction, areolar tattoo, and delayed lower body lift. These photos represent her appearance two years after the initial treatment of her cancer and immediate staged autologous reconstruction. Her right silicone breast implant was removed at the time of the mastectomy with the reconstruction having been made entirely of her adipose tissue from her abdominal donor site. Her left breast implant was not removed. The lower abdominal incision is longer than that which is typically required for a TRAM flap given her additional lower body lift. Click to view larger image.
Medically reviewed by John A. Daller, MD; American Board of Surgery with subspecialty certification in surgical critical care
"Mastectomy: Indications, types, and concurrent axillary lymph node management"
"Contralateral prophylactic mastectomy"
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/21/2015
Leigh A Neumayer, MD, MS, FACS
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