Mastectomy Topic Guide
Mastectomy: A mastectomy is a procedure to remove a woman's entire breast -- and sometimes underlying muscle and lymph node tissure -- in the hopes of eradicating breast cancers. There are different types of mastectomies, including types that preserve nipple tissue in the interest of breast reconstruction and prophylactic mastectomies that are performed before any cancer is dectected. Plastic surgeons can aid in breast reconstruction if a woman chooses to undergo the additional procedures.
Lumpectomy Lumpectomy is surgery to remove a suspected malignant (cancerous) tumor, or lump, and surrounding tissue from a woman's breast. The size and location of the lump determine how much of the breast is removed. Lumpectomy replaced radical mastectomy to because it leaves the breast mostly intact. After surgery, radiation therapy or chemotherapy may be recommended.
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