Measles Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Measles article.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Bumps: The raised area of a bump or bruise results from blood leaking from these injured b...

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Cheek: The side of the face, which forms the side wall of the mouth. The cheekbone is part...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Conjunctivitis: Inflammation of the membrane covering the surface of the eyeball. It can b...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that ca...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Encephalitis: Inflammation of the brain, which may be caused by a bacterium, a virus, or a...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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Humidifier: A machine that puts moisture into the air. Humidified air makes it easier to b...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immunization: Vaccination. Immunizations work by stimulating the immune system, the natur...

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Incubation period: In medicine, the time from the moment of exposure to an infectious agen...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Measles: An acute and highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever, runny nose,...

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Measles immunization: The standard MMR vaccine is given to prevent measles, mumps and ru...

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Miscarriage: Inadvertent loss of a pregnancy before the fetus is viable. A considerable pr...

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MMR: Measles, mumps, rubella vaccine, a combination vaccine.

Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Mumps: An acute (sudden, shortlived) viral illness that usually presents with inflammation...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

Pediatrics: The field of medicine that is concerned with the health of infants, children, ...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Runny nose: The production of extra mucus by the nose. Rhinorrhea is the medical term for ...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Sputum: Mucous material from the lungs that is produced (brought up) by coughing.

Stillbirth: The birth of a dead baby, the delivery of a fetus that has died before birth f...

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Sunburn: Sunburn is an inflammation of the skin that develops in response to exposure to u...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Temple: The area just behind and to the side of the forehead and the eye, above the side o...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Vaccination: Injection of a killed microbe in order to stimulate the immune system against...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

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Medical Dictionary