Medication in the Treatment of Obesity Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Medication in the Treatment of Obesity article.

Absorption: Uptake. For example, intestinal absorption is the uptake of food (or other sub...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Antidepressant: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Antidepressants: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Apnea: The absence of breathing (respiration).

Atherosclerosis: A process of progressive thickening and hardening of the walls of medium-...

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Bariatric: Pertaining to the study, prevention, or treatment of overweight.

Bariatric surgery: Surgery on the stomach and/or intestines to help a person with extrem...

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Bipolar disorder: A mood disorder sometimes called manic-depressive illness or manic-depr...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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BMI: Body mass index.

Body mass index: A key index for relating weight to height. Abbreviated BMI. BMI is a pers...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breast cancer: Breast cancer is diagnosed with self- and physician-examination of the brea...

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Breastfeeding: Feeding a child human breast milk. According to the American Academy of Ped...

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Calorie: A unit of food energy. The word calorie is ordinarily used instead of the more pr...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cardiovascular: Relating to the circulatory system, which comprises the heart and blood ve...

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Cardiovascular disease: Disease affecting the heart or blood vessels.

Catecholamine: Pronounced catĀ·eĀ·cholĀ·amine. An amine derived from the amino acid tyrosine ...

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Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic disease: A disease that persists for a long time. A chronic disease is one lasting...

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Cleft lip: A fissure in the upper lip that is due to failure of the left and right sides o...

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Clinical trials: Trials to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of medications or medical...

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Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

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Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Digestive system: The system of organs responsible for getting food into and out of the bo...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Drug test: An examination of biologic material (such as urine, hair, saliva, or sweat) t...

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Dry mouth: The condition of not having enough saliva to keep the mouth wet. This is due to...

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Enzyme: A protein (or protein-based molecule) that speeds up a chemical reaction in a livi...

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Ephedra: A medicinal herb, known scientifically as Ephedra sinica and Ephedra equisetina, ...

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Epidemic: The occurrence of more cases of a disease than would be expected in a community...

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Esophageal: Related to the esophagus.

Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

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Fats: Plural of the word "fat". See the definition of fat.

FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Food and Drug Administration: An agency within the US Public Health Service that provides ...

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Gallbladder: A pear-shaped organ located below the liver that stores the bile secreted by ...

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Gallstones: Stones that form when substances in the bile harden. Gallstones can be as smal...

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Glaucoma: A common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eyes rises becaus...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart attack: The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of bloo...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Heart rate: The number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually per minute. The heart rate ...

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Hemorrhagic: Pertaining to bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood.

High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Hypertension: High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceedi...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Insomnia: The perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep due to a number ...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Large bowel: Another name for the large intestine.

Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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MAO inhibitor: One of a family of medications (brand names: Aurorex, Nardil, Parnate) that...

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MAOI: Monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor.

Medical school: A school with a curriculum leading to a medical degree. The mission of eve...

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Migraine: Usually, periodic attacks of headaches on one or both sides of the head. These ...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Obese: Well above ones normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obe...

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Obesity: The state of being well above one's normal weight.

Osteoarthritis: A type of arthritis caused by inflammation, breakdown, and eventual loss ...

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Overweight: The term "overweight" is used in two different ways. In one sense it is a way ...

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PA-C: Physician Assistant - Certified.

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Palate: The roof of the mouth. The front portion is bony (hard palate), and the back porti...

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Palpitations: Unpleasant sensations of irregular and/or forceful beating of the heart. In ...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Pulmonary hypertension: High blood pressure in the pulmonary arteries. This elevated blood...

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Quality of life: The patient's ability to enjoy normal life activities. Quality of life is...

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Receptor: 1. In cell biology, a structure on the surface of a cell (or inside a cel...

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Renal: Having to do with the kidney. For example, renal cancer is cancer of the kidneys.

Serotonin: A neurotransmitter that is involved in the transmission of nerve impulses. Sero...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Sleep apnea: The temporary stoppage of breathing during sleep, often resulting in daytime ...

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SSRI: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, one of a family of antidepressant medication...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Substance abuse: The excessive use of a substance, especially alcohol or a drug. (There is...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Taste: A perception that results from stimulation of a gustatory nerve. Taste belongs to t...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Tobacco: A South American herb (Nicotiana tabacum) whose leaves contain 2 to 8 percent nic...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between th...

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Vitamins: The word "vitamin" was coined in 1911 by the Warsaw-born biochemist Casimir Funk...

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Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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Medical Dictionary