Meniere's Disease Overview
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Ménière disease is a syndrome in which you experience episodes of spinning vertigo (sense of the room spinning), hearing loss, and tinnitus (ringing in the ear). Between the unpredictable attacks, you usually do not have any problems or symptoms of the disease.
Ménière disease was first described in 1861 by the French physician Prosper Ménière. Yet the cause of this syndrome still remains largely unknown.
The diagnosis of the disease is usually based on a careful history and physical examination by a doctor, but other tests may be needed for a definitive diagnosis and to plan treatment options.
Ménière disease affects people of all ages, especially those of middle age or older. It is, however, uncommon in children.
Meniere's Disease Causes
The most common causes of the disease are still unknown. It is suspected that food allergy may play a part. Some suspect that Ménière disease is the response of the inner ear to injury. In any case, if someone in your family has it, you are at higher risk for developing it.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/14/2015
Bryon K McNeil, MD
Maged Botros, MD
Scott H Plantz, MD, FAAEM
Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD
Richard Harrigan, MD
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