Meningitis in Children Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Meningitis in Children article.

Abscess: A local accumulation of pus anywhere in the body. The following are some example...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Airway: The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs. The mouth and nose are...

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Allergy: A misguided reaction to foreign substances by the immune system, the body system ...

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Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

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Antibacterial: Anything that destroys bacteria or suppresses their growth or their ability...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Antiviral: An agent that kills a virus or that suppresses its ability to replicate and, he...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Blood sugar: Blood glucose. See also: High blood sugar; Low blood sugar.

Blood-brain barrier: A protective network of blood vessels and cells that filters blood fl...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Catheter: A thin, flexible tube.

CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Cerebrospinal fluid: A watery fluid that is continuously produced and absorbed and that fl...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest X-ray: A type of X-ray commonly used to detect abnormalities in the lungs. A chest X...

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Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

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Coma: A state of deep, unarousable unconsciousness. A coma may occur as a result of head t...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Contagious: capable of being transmitted from one human to another human via direct or ind...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Encephalitis: Inflammation of the brain, which may be caused by a bacterium, a virus, or a...

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Escherichia coli: Full term for E. coli, the colon bacillus.

Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Fifth disease: An oddly named disease caused by a virus called parvovirus B 19. (In the pr...

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Flu: Flu is a colloquialism for influenza. The flu is an acute respiratory illness caused ...

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Focal: Pertaining to a focus which in medicine may refer to:
1. The point at ...

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Fungal: Pertaining to a fungus. For example, a fungal skin infection.

Fungi: Plural of fungus.

Fungus: A single-celled or multicellular organism. Fungi can be true pathogens (such as hi...

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Glucose: The simple sugar that is the chief source of energy. Glucose is found in the bloo...

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Head injury: Damage to any of the structures of the head as a result of trauma. While the ...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart rate: The number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually per minute. The heart rate ...

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HIB: Haemophilus influenzae type B.

Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar (glucose). Hypoglycemia may be associated with symptoms such...

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Hypothermia: Abnormally low body temperature. Someone who falls asleep in a cold temperatu...

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Hypotonia: Decreased muscle tone and strength that results in floppiness. Hypotonia is a c...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Immunization: Vaccination. Immunizations work by stimulating the immune system, the natur...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Indication: 1. In medicine, a condition which makes a particular treatment or proce...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Influenza: Influenza is an acute respiratory illness caused by influenza A or B viruses Mo...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Intubation: The process of putting a tube into a hollow organ or passageway, often into th...

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Jaundice: Yellow staining of the skin and sclerae (the whites of the eyes) by abnormally h...

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Kernig sign: A sign indicating the presence of meningitis (inflammation of the meninges co...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Lethal: Deadly.

Lethargy: Abnormal drowsiness, stupor.

Listeria: A group of bacteria capable of causing illness including potentially fata...

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Low blood sugar: A low blood level of the sugar glucose. Also called hypoglycemia.

Lumbar: Referring to the five lumbar vertebrae, the disks below them, and the correspondin...

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Lumbar puncture: A procedure in which cerebrospinal fluid is removed from the spinal canal...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Lupus: A chronic inflammatory disease that is caused by autoimmunity. Patients with lupus ...

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Measles: An acute and highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever, runny nose,...

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Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Meningococcal meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges due to infection with the bacterium...

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Mumps: An acute (sudden, shortlived) viral illness that usually presents with inflammation...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nasal: Having to do with the nose.

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Neck pain: Neck pain is the sensation of discomfort in the neck area. Neck pain can result...

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Neisseria: A group of bacteria that includes the bacterium that causes gonorrhea.

Otitis: Inflammation of the ear. Depending upon which part of the ear is inflammed, there ...

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Otitis media: Inflammation of the middle ear characterized by the accumulation of infected...

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Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Paralysis: Loss of voluntary movement (motor function). Paralysis that affects only one mu...

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Parasitic: Having to do with a parasite, as in a parasitic infection; or acting like a par...

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Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

Polio: Abbreviation for poliomyelitis, an acute and sometimes devastating disease caused ...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

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Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

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Rabies: A potentially fatal viral infection that attacks the central nervous system. Rabie...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Red blood cells: The blood cells that carry oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

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Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Respiratory rate: The number of breaths per minute or, more formally, the number of moveme...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Seizure: Uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain, which may produce a physical conv...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

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Sinus: 1. An air-filled cavity in a dense portion of a skull bone. The sinuses decr...

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Sinusitis: Inflammation of the lining membrane in any of the hollow areas (sinuses) of the...

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Spinal cord: The major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies with...

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Spinal tap: Also known as a lumbar puncture or "LP", a spinal tap is a procedure whereby ...

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Streptococcus: A group of bacteria that causes a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tired: A feeling of a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency of accomplishment,...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vaccination: Injection of a killed microbe in order to stimulate the immune system against...

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Vaccines: Microbial preparations of killed or modified microorganisms that can stimulate a...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Viral infection: Infection caused by the presence of a virus in the body. Depending on th...

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Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary