Men's Health Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Men's Health article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal aortic aneurysm: A balloon-like swelling in the wall of the aorta within the abd...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acellular: Not made up of cells or divided into cells. Or lacking intact cells as, for ex...

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Acne: Localized skin inflammation as a result of overactivity of the oil glands at the ba...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Aging: The process of becoming older, a process that is genetically determined and environ...

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Albuginea: Tough white fibrous tissue. The tunica albuginea of the testis, for example, is...

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Alzheimer's disease: A progressive degenerative disease of the brain that leads to dementi...

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American Academy of Pediatrics: AAP. Its member pediatricians "dedicate their efforts and ...

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Aneurysm: A localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, a vein, or the heart. At the poi...

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Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Aortic: Pertaining to the aorta, the largest artery in the body.

Aortic aneurysm: An outpouching (a local widening) of the largest artery in the body, the ...

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Apnea: The absence of breathing (respiration).

Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Asthma: A common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narro...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Balanoposthitis: In the uncircumcised male, balanitis (inflammation of the glans, the roun...

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Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Benign prostatic hyperplasia: A common, noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. Th...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Blood glucose: The main sugar that the body makes from the food in the diet. Glucose is ca...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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BPH: Benign prostatic hyperplasia, benign prostatic hypertrophy.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cancer of the cervix: See: Cervical cancer.

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CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Cervix: The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb). The uterus, a hollow, ...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chewing tobacco: Tobacco that is chewed, not smoked. A form of smokeless tobacco.

Chlamydia: The agent of a sexually transmitted disease, a type of bacteria found in the ce...

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Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: COPD. Any disorder that persistently obstructs bron...

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Circumcision: Surgery that removes the foreskin (the loose tissue) covering the glans of t...

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Cirrhosis: Liver disease characterized by irreversible scarring. Alcohol and viral hepatit...

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Cocaine: A substance derived from the leaves of the coca plant that is a bitter, addictive...

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Colitis: Inflammation of the large intestine (the colon). There are many forms of coliti...

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Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

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Colon cancer: A malignant tumor arising from the inner wall of the large intestine (the co...

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Colonoscopy: A procedure whereby a physician inserts a viewing tube (colonoscope) into the...

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Colorectal: Related to the colon and/or rectum.

Colorectal cancer: A malignant tumor arising from the inner wall of the large intestine (t...

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Coma: A state of deep, unarousable unconsciousness. A coma may occur as a result of head t...

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COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Any disorder that persistently obstructs bron...

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Corpora cavernosa: Two chambers that run the length of the penis and are filled with spong...

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Cryotherapy: Literally, "cold therapy." Cryotherapy, sometimes referred to as cryosurgery,...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diastolic: Referring to the time when the heart is in a period of relaxation and dilatatio...

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Diphtheria: An acute infectious upper respiratory tract disease that affects the throat. I...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Dysfunction: Difficult function or abnormal function.

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Ejaculate: To ejaculate is to release semen during an orgasm in a male.

Ejaculation: Ejection of sperm and seminal fluid during an orgasm in a male.

Endocrine: Pertaining to hormones and the glands that make and secrete them into the blood...

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Erectile dysfunction: A consistent inability to sustain an erection sufficient for sexual ...

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Exacerbate: To make worse. For example, smoking may exacerbate lung disease.

Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fats: Plural of the word "fat". See the definition of fat.

Feedback: Many biologic processes are controlled by feedback, just as the temperature in a...

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Fertile: Able to conceive and bear offspring. Also known as fecund.

Flu: Short for influenza. The flu is caused by viruses that infect the respiratory tract w...

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Flu shot: The flu (influenza) vaccine is recommended annually (each year) for persons at ...

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Foreskin: The fold of skin which covers the head (the glans) of the penis. Also called th...

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Gastroesophageal: Pertaining to both the stomach and the esophagus, as in the gastroesopha...

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Gastroesophageal reflux: The return of stomach contents back up into the esophagus This fr...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

GERD: Gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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Glans: 1) The glans penis, the rounded head of the penis. 2) The rounded head of the clit...

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Glaucoma: A common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eyes rises becaus...

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Glucose: The simple sugar that is the chief source of energy. Glucose is found in the bloo...

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Gynecomastia: Excessive development of the male breasts. Temporary enlargement of the brea...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Hemorrhage: Bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood.

Herpes: A family of viruses. Herpes also refers to infection with one of the human herpesv...

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Herpes zoster: Also called shingles, zona, and zoster. The culprit is the varicella-zoster...

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High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Hormone therapy: Treatment of disease or symptoms with synthetic or naturally derived horm...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Hyperplasia: An increase in the number of normal cells in a tissue or an organ. Hyperplasi...

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Hypogonadism: A condition in which decreased production of gonadal hormones leads to below...

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Hypothalamus: The area of the brain that secretes substances that influence pituitary and ...

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Impotence: A common problem among men characterized by the consistent inability to sustai...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Infertile: Not able to conceive after a year of regular intercourse without contraception.

Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Influenza: The flu is caused by viruses that infect the respiratory tract which are divide...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Iron: An essential mineral. Iron is necessary for the transport of oxygen (via hemoglobin ...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Libido: 1. Sexual drive. 2. In psychoanalysis, the psychic energy from all ...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Low testosterone: Abnormally low levels of the male sex hormone testosterone in the blood....

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Lung cancer: Cancer of the major organ of respiration - the lung. Lung cancer kills more m...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Mumps: An acute (sudden, shortlived) viral illness that usually presents with inflammation...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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NIH: National Institutes of Health.

Nitric oxide: A compound that is toxic but which, paradoxically, plays a number of importa...

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Normal range: Characteristic of 95 percent of values from a normal population. The remaini...

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Obese: Well above ones normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obe...

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Obesity: The state of being well above one's normal weight.

Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

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Occult: Hidden. For example, occult blood in the stool is hidden from the eye but can be d...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Orchitis: Inflammation of the testis. Causes of orchitis include mumps and other infection...

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Orgasm: A series of muscle contractions in the genital region that is accompanied by sudde...

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Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calc...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Paraphimosis: An emergency condition in which the foreskin of the penis, once retracted, c...

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Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

Pediatrics: The field of medicine that is concerned with the health of infants, children, ...

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Penile: Of or pertaining to the penis.

Penis: The external male sex organ. The penis contains two chambers, the corpora cavernosa...

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Peripheral: Situated away from the center, as opposed to centrally located.

Pertussis: Whooping cough, a communicable, potentially deadly illness characterized by fi...

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Phimosis: A condition in which the foreskin of the penis is too tight to be pulled back to...

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Physiology: The study of how living organisms function, including such processes as nutrit...

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Pituitary: 1. As an adjective, pertaining to the pituitary gland or its hormonal se...

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Pituitary gland: The main endocrine gland. It is a small structure in the head. It is ca...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

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Prostate: A gland within the male reproductive system that is located just below the blad...

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Prostate cancer: A malignant tumor of the prostate, the gland that produces some of the co...

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Prostate gland: A gland in the male reproductive system that is located just below the bla...

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Prostatectomy: Surgical removal of the prostate gland. Prostatectomy can be done through a...

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PSA: Prostate specific antigen. A test for PSA may be used to screen for cancer of the p...

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Puberty: Adolescence, the period in which the human body first becomes capable of reproduc...

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Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

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Radiation therapy: The use of high-energy rays to damage cancer cells, stopping them from ...

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Reflux: The term used when liquid backs up into the esophagus from the stomach.

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Regimen: A plan or a regulated course, such as a diet, exercise, or treatment, that is des...

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Resection: Surgical removal of part of an organ.

Semen: The fluid that is released through the penis during orgasm. Semen is made up of flu...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Shingles: An acute infection caused by the herpes zoster virus, the same virus as causes ...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Sigmoidoscopy: A procedure in which a physician inserts a viewing tube (sigmoidoscope) int...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Sleep apnea: The temporary stoppage of breathing during sleep, often resulting in daytime ...

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Smooth muscle: Along with skeletal and cardiac muscle, one of the types of muscle tissue i...

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Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Sperm: A sperm is the male "gamete" or sex cell. It combines with the female &qu...

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Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Stool occult blood test: A test to see whether there is blood in the bowel movement. Also...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Suicidal: Pertaining to suicide. the taking of ones own life. As in a suicidal gesture, su...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum, a microscopic orga...

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Systolic: The blood pressure when the heart is contracting. It is specifically the maximum...

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Tactile: Having to do with touch. For example, tactile signs of disease are signs that are...

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Tension: 1) The pressure within a vessel, such as blood pressure: the pressure within t...

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Testicles: The testicles (also called testes or gonads) are the male sex glands. They are ...

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Testosterone: A "male hormone" -- a sex hormone produced by the testes that encourages th...

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Tetanus: An often fatal infectious disease that is caused by the bacterium Clostridium tet...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tobacco: A South American herb (Nicotiana tabacum) whose leaves contain 2 to 8 percent nic...

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Trait: In genetics, a trait refers to any genetically determined characteristic. In techni...

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Transurethral resection: Surgery to remove tissue using a special instrument inserted thro...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tunica albuginea: The whitish membrane within the penis that surrounds the spongy chambers...

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Ulcerative colitis: A bowel disease that is characterized by inflammation with ulcer forma...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Urethra: The tube that leads from the bladder and transports and discharges urine outside ...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Urologist: A physician who specializes in diseases of the urinary organs in females and th...

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Vaccination: Injection of a killed microbe in order to stimulate the immune system against...

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Vaccines: Microbial preparations of killed or modified microorganisms that can stimulate a...

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Vascular: Relating to blood vessels. For example, the vascular system in the body includes...

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Venereal: Having to do with sexual contact. For example, a venereal disease is a sexually ...

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Venereal disease: A disease that is contracted and transmitted by sexual contact, caused ...

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Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

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Vitamins: The word "vitamin" was coined in 1911 by the Warsaw-born biochemist Casimir Funk...

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Wasting: 1. Gradual loss (for example, of weight), deterioration, emaciation. As in...

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Watchful waiting: Closely monitoring a patient's condition but withholding therapy until t...

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Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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Medical Dictionary