Menstrual Cramps Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Menstrual Cramps article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Ablation: Removal or excision. Ablation is usually carried out surgically. For example, su...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Absenteeism: The frequent absence from work or other duty without good reason. See also: P...

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Acupuncture: The practice of inserting needles into the body to reduce pain or induce anes...

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Adenomyosis: A common, benign condition of the uterus in which the endometrium (the inner ...

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Appendicitis: Inflammation of the appendix, usually associated with infection of the appen...

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Back pain: Pain felt in the low or upper back. Causes of pain in the low and upper back in...

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Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Birth control: Birth control is the use of any practices, methods, or devices to prevent p...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Cervix: The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb). The uterus, a hollow, ...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Cyst: A closed sac or capsule, usually filled with fluid or semisolid material.

Cysts: Cysts are abnormal, closed sac-like structures within a tissue that contain a liqui...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Ectopic: In the wrong place, out of place. For example, an ectopic kidney is a kidney that...

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Ectopic pregnancy: A pregnancy that is not in the uterus. The fertilized egg settles and g...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Endometrial ablation: Removal of the lining of the womb. Removing the uterine lining decre...

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Endometriosis: The presence of tissue that normally grows inside the uterus (womb) in an ...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Fibroids: Fibroids are common, benign tumors of smooth muscle in the uterus (womb). Uterin...

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Hysterectomy: An operation to remove the uterus. Hysterectomies are most commonly performe...

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Hysteroscopy: A procedure to see inside the uterus (the womb) using a viewing scope that i...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Infertility: Diminished or absent ability to conceive and bear offspring. A couple is cons...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Intrauterine: In the uterus.

Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laparoscopy: A type of surgery in which small incisions are made in the abdominal wall thr...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Magnetic resonance imaging: A procedure that uses magnetism, radio waves, and a computer t...

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Malaise: A vague feeling of discomfort, one that cannot be pinned down but is often sensed...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Menstrual: Pertaining to menstruation (the menses), as in last menstrual period, menstrua...

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Menstrual cramps: Cramping in the lower abdomen, usually in the first or second day of the...

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Menstruation: The periodic blood that flows as a discharge from the uterus. Also called me...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neural: Having to do with nerve cells (neurons).

Nutrition: 1) The science or practice of taking in and utilizing foods. 2) A nourishing ...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Oral contraceptive: A birth control pill taken by mouth. Most oral contraceptives include...

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Ovarian: Of or pertaining to the ovary.

Ovulation: The release of the ripe egg (ovum) from the ovary. The egg is released when the...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pelvic: Having to do with the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen, located between the h...

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Pelvic exam: An examination of the organs of the female reproductive system.

Pelvic pain: : Pain perceived in the area of the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen loc...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Prostaglandin: One of a number of hormone-like substances that participate in a wide range...

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Reflux: The term used when liquid backs up into the esophagus from the stomach.

Resection: Surgical removal of part of an organ.

Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thiamine: Vitamin B1. Thiamine (vitamin B1) acts as a coenzyme in the metabolism of the bo...

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Tubes: The "tubes" are medically known as the Fallopian tubes. There are two Fallopian tub...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between th...

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Vagina: The muscular canal that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body. It is ...

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Vaginal discharge: Vaginal discharge is a fluid produced by glands in the vaginal wall and...

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Vitamin E: Alpha-tocopherol, an antioxidant vitamin which binds oxygen free radicals that ...

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Medical Dictionary