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Menstrual Pain (cont.)

What about birth control pills to ease or stop menstrual cramps?

Starting some form of hormonal birth control is another option to relieve or stop menstrual cramps. This can take the form of

All these methods reduce menstrual flow and the mid-cycle pain that may occur with it. There are a number of different types of hormonal birth control methods available, and no studies have been done to show that one preparation or form of hormonal contraception is superior to another in reducing menstrual cramps. Oral contraceptive pills are a common choice for women who suffer from significant menstrual discomfort and who do not wish to become pregnant.

In many cases, a combination of NSAIDs and hormonal contraceptive methods such as oral contraceptive pills may be needed to relieve menstrual cramping and pain. Prescription medications (mefenamic acid [Ponstel] or meclofenamate [Meclomen]) also may be prescribed.

Is there surgery to relieve severe menstrual cramps?

Surgery may be necessary to relieve menstrual cramps, but it should be reserved for those cases in which non-invasive therapies have been shown to be unsuccessful. Such refractory cases are usually secondary to true pathology, such as endometriosis. The exact surgical procedure chosen depends upon the type of abnormality that is being treated. Examples include:

  • Endometrial ablation: This procedure destroys the lining of the uterus.
  • Endometrial resection: This procedure removes the lining of the uterus.
  • Hysterectomy: This surgical procedure completely removes the uterus.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/4/2016

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Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Menstrual Cramps:

Menstrual Cramps - Home Remedies

What kind of home remedies have you found helpful in reducing the discomfort of menstrual cramps?

Menstrual Cramps - Experience

Please share your experience with managing the pain and associated symptoms of menstrual cramps.

Menstrual Cramps - Stopping

Have you found a safe way to stop menstrual cramps? If so, please share.

Menstrual Pain - Treatment

What treatment do you use for your menstrual pain?


Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Dysmenorrhea »

Dysmenorrhea is defined as difficult menstrual flow or painful menstruation.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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