Menstrual Pain Topic Guide
Menstrual Cramps: Menstrual cramps are either classified as primary dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation) in which there is no anatomical cause for the pain. Secondary dysmenorrhea refers to menstrual cramps that occur as the result of another medical condition (for example, endometriosis, fibroids, infections, stress, or ovarian cysts). Home remedies for relief of menstrual cramps include OTC pain medications such as ibuprofen or naproxen. Heating pads laid over the pelvic area, massage, or exercise may also be beneficial in relieving the menstrual cramps. In some cases prescription medications may be necessary for the treatment of menstrual cramps.
Chronic Pain Chronic pain is pain that persists for a period of six months or longer, and is the result of a long-standing medical condition(s) or damage to the body. Common sources of chronic pain include headaches, back pain, and arthritis. There are several types of pain including general somatic pain, visceral pain, bone pain, muscle cramps, neuropathy, circulatory problems, and headache pain. Chronic pain may be managed with over-the-counter or prescription medications.
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