Menstrual Pain Topic Guide
Menstrual Cramps: Menstrual cramps are either classified as primary dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation) in which there is no anatomical cause for the pain. Secondary dysmenorrhea refers to menstrual cramps that occur as the result of another medical condition (for example, endometriosis, fibroids, infections, stress, or ovarian cysts). Home remedies for relief of menstrual cramps include OTC pain medications such as ibuprofen or naproxen. Heating pads laid over the pelvic area, massage, or exercise may also be beneficial in relieving the menstrual cramps. In some cases prescription medications may be necessary for the treatment of menstrual cramps.
Endometriosis Endometriosis is a common disorder of the female reproductive organs and is the leading cause of chronic pelvic pain in women. Examples of causes of endometriosis include genetics, retrograde menstruation, coelomic metaplasia, surgical procedures, and abnormalities in the immune system. Treatments for endometriosis range from medications to surgery. In women who have endometriosis, tissue like the lining ...