Menstrual Pain Topic Guide
Menstrual Cramps: Menstrual cramps are either classified as primary dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation) in which there is no anatomical cause for the pain. Secondary dysmenorrhea refers to menstrual cramps that occur as the result of another medical condition (for example, endometriosis, fibroids, infections, stress, or ovarian cysts). Home remedies for relief of menstrual cramps include OTC pain medications such as ibuprofen or naproxen. Heating pads laid over the pelvic area, massage, or exercise may also be beneficial in relieving the menstrual cramps. In some cases prescription medications may be necessary for the treatment of menstrual cramps.
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) occurs during the first two weeks before a woman begins her menstrual cycle. Symptoms of PMS include mood and behavioral changes and physical functions (headache, palpitations, bloating, breast tenderness, constipation, weight gain, fatigue, and diarrhea. Treatment for PMS include lifestyle changes and OTC or prescription medication.