Metabolic Syndrome Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Metabolic Syndrome article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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ATP: 1. Adenosine triphosphate. 2. Acute thrombocytopenic purpura.

Blood glucose: The main sugar that the body makes from the food in the diet. Glucose is ca...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Blood sugar: Blood glucose. See also: High blood sugar; Low blood sugar.

Blurred vision: Lack of sharpness of vision with, as a result, the inability to see fine d...

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Carbohydrate: One of the three nutrient compounds, along with fat and protein, used as ene...

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Carbohydrates: Mainly sugars and starches, together constituting one of the three principa...

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Cardiac: Having to do with the heart.

Cardiovascular: Relating to the circulatory system, which comprises the heart and blood ve...

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Cardiovascular disease: Disease affecting the heart or blood vessels.

Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

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Fasting: : going without food or drink. Patients may be advised to fast for a certain peri...

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Fasting blood glucose: A test to determine how much glucose (sugar) is in a blood sample a...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Genetics: The scientific study of heredity. Genetics pertains to humans and all other orga...

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Glucose: The simple sugar that is the chief source of energy. Glucose is found in the bloo...

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HDL: High density lipoprotein.

HDL cholesterol: High density lipoprotein cholesterol. Lipoproteins, which are combination...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart attack: The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of bloo...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Hemoglobin: The oxygen-carrying pigment and predominant protein in the red blood cells. He...

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Hemoglobin A1c: A minor component of hemoglobin to which glucose is bound. Abbreviated HbA...

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High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Hypertension: High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceedi...

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Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar (glucose). Hypoglycemia may be associated with symptoms such...

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Insulin: A natural hormone made by the pancreas that controls the level of the sugar gluco...

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Insulin resistance: The diminished ability of cells to respond to the action of insulin in...

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Lipid: Another word for "fat." (Please see the various meanings of fat.) A lipid is chemic...

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Low blood sugar: A low blood level of the sugar glucose. Also called hypoglycemia.

Mediterranean diet: A diet traditionally followed in Greece, Crete, southern France, and p...

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Metabolic: Relating to metabolism, the whole range of biochemical processes that occur wit...

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Metabolic syndrome: A constellation of conditions that place people at high risk for coron...

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National Cholesterol Education Program: NCEP. A program designed to reduce illness and dea...

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Obese: Well above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be ob...

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Obesity: The state of being well above one's normal weight.

Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Overweight: The term "overweight" is used in two different ways. In one sense it is a way ...

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Post-menopausal: See: Postmenopausal.

Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

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Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

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Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Serum: The clear liquid that can be separated from clotted blood. Serum differs from plas...

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Statins: A class of drugs that lower cholesterol.

Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Syndrome X: See: Metabolic syndrome.

Therapeutic: Relating to therapeutics, the branch of medicine that is concerned specifical...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Triglycerides: The major form of fat stored by the body. A triglyceride consists of three ...

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Type 2 diabetes: See Diabetes, type 2.

Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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