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Metabolic Syndrome (cont.)

Metabolic Syndrome Causes

Metabolic syndrome is unfortunately common. Approximately 20%-30% of the population in industrialized countries have metabolic syndrome. It is thought to affect approximately 50 million people in the US alone.

Weight is a significant influence on the development of metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is present in about 5% of people with normal body weight; it is present in about 22% of individuals who are overweight, and 60% of individuals considered obese. Adults who continue to gain five or more pounds per year raise their risk of developing metabolic syndrome by up to 45%.

As is true with many medical conditions, genetics and the environment both play important roles in the development of the metabolic syndrome. Genetic factors influence each individual component of the syndrome, and the syndrome itself. A family history that includes type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and early heart disease greatly increases the chance that an individual will develop the metabolic syndrome. Environmental issues such as low activity level, sedentary lifestyle, and progressive weight gain also contribute significantly to the risk of developing the metabolic syndrome.

Obesity is likely the greatest risk factor for metabolic syndrome; however other risk factors of concern include:

  • women who are post-menopausal

  • smoking

  • eating an excessively high carbohydrate diet

  • lack of activity (even without weight change)

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Metabolic Syndrome - Diet

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Metabolic Syndrome - Effective Treatments

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Metabolic Syndrome - Diagnosis

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