Metabolic Syndrome (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Metabolic Syndrome Causes
Metabolic syndrome is unfortunately common. Approximately 20%-30% of the population in industrialized countries have metabolic syndrome. It is thought to affect approximately 50 million people in the US alone.
Weight is a significant influence on the development of metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is present in about 5% of people with normal body weight; it is present in about 22% of individuals who are overweight, and 60% of individuals considered obese. Adults who continue to gain five or more pounds per year raise their risk of developing metabolic syndrome by up to 45%.
As is true with many medical conditions, genetics and the environment both play important roles in the development of the metabolic syndrome. Genetic factors influence each individual component of the syndrome, and the syndrome itself. A family history that includes type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and early heart disease greatly increases the chance that an individual will develop the metabolic syndrome. Environmental issues such as low activity level, sedentary lifestyle, and progressive weight gain also contribute significantly to the risk of developing the metabolic syndrome.
Obesity is likely the greatest risk factor for metabolic syndrome; however other risk factors of concern include:
Must Read Articles Related to Metabolic Syndrome
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Metabolic Syndrome:
Metabolic Syndrome - Diet
What changes to your diet have helped manage your metabolic syndrome?
Metabolic Syndrome - Effective Treatments
Please describe what treatments have been effective for metabolic syndrome.
Metabolic Syndrome - Diagnosis
How was your metabolic syndrome diagnosed?