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Migraine Headache (cont.)

Migraine Headache Diagnosis

The diagnosis of migraine headache rests solely on what a patient describes to a doctor. A doctor's physical examination of a migraineur typically reveals nothing out of the ordinary; however, a neurological examination will be performed to rule out other causes of headache.

Other causes of headache include other types of headaches such as tension or cluster headache, stroke, tumor, inflammation of a blood vessel, and infection of the brain's coverings (meningitis) or of the sinuses. In such cases, the following tests may also be performed:

  • Blood tests
  • X-rays
  • CT scan or MRI of the head to look for bleeding, stroke, or tumor
  • A spinal tap (also called a lumbar puncture) to look for evidence of infection or bleeding
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/1/2013

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Migraines are severe, throbbing headaches frequently located in the temples or frontal head regions.

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