Migraine Headache in Children Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Migraine Headache in Children article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Abortive: Tending to cut short the course of a disease, as in abortive polio (polio cut sh...

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Absorption: Uptake. For example, intestinal absorption is the uptake of food (or other sub...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Alice in Wonderland syndrome: A syndrome of distorted space, time and body image. The pati...

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Amitriptyline: An antidepressant medication. In some patients with depression, abnormal l...

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Amnesia: An impairment to or lack of memory. Antegrade amnesia refers to a lack of memory ...

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Analgesic: A drug that relieves pain.

Anorexia: An eating disorder characterized by markedly reduced appetite or total aversion...

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Antidepressants: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Aphasia: Literally, no speech. Aphasia may also be used to describe defects in spoken expr...

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Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Asthma: A common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narro...

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Ataxia: Poor coordination and unsteadiness due to the brain's failure to regulate the body...

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Atonic: Without normal muscle tone or strength. An atonic seizure is one in which the pers...

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Aura: A sensation perceived by a patient that precedes a condition affecting the brain. An...

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Basilar: Located at or near the base of a structure, especially the base of the skull.

Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Bilateral: Affecting both sides. For example, bilateral arthritis affects joints on both t...

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Biofeedback: A method of treatment that uses a monitor to measure patients' physiologic in...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Blurred vision: Lack of sharpness of vision with, as a result, the inability to see fine d...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Brain tumor: A benign or malignant growth in the brain. Primary brain tumors initially for...

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Caffeine: A stimulant compound found naturally in coffee, tea, cocoa (chocolate), and kola...

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Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

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Cardiovascular: Relating to the circulatory system, which comprises the heart and blood ve...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

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Cluster: In epidemiology, an aggregation of cases of a disease or another health-related c...

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Cognitive: Having to do with thought, judgment, or knowledge.

Coma: A state of deep, unarousable unconsciousness. A coma may occur as a result of head t...

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Concussion: A traumatic injury to soft tissue, usually the brain, as a result of a violent...

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Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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Contraction: The tightening and shortening of a muscle.

Cranial: 1. Pertaining to the cranium or skull. 2. Toward the head. As oppo...

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Cutaneous: Related to the skin.

Cyclic vomiting syndrome: A syndrome characterized by episodes, bouts, or cycles of severe...

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Deafness: Partial or complete hearing loss. Levels of hearing impairment vary from a mild ...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that ca...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Diplopia: A condition in which a single object appears as two objects. Also known as doubl...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Dysarthria: Speech that is characteristically slurred, slow, and difficult to understand. ...

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Dysphasia: One in a group of speech disorders in which there is impairment of the power of...

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Elavil: See: Amitriptyline.

Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Encephalitis: Inflammation of the brain, which may be caused by a bacterium, a virus, or a...

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Epilepsy (seizure disorder): When nerve cells in the brain fire electrical impulses...

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Estrogen: A female steroid hormone that is produced by the ovaries and, in lesser amounts,...

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Familial: A condition that tends to occur more often in family members than is expected by...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Flu: Short for influenza. The flu is caused by viruses that infect the respiratory tract w...

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Gene: The basic biological unit of heredity. A segment of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) need...

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Glutamate: A form of glutamic acid. See: Glutamic acid.

Head injury: Damage to any of the structures of the head as a result of trauma. While the ...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Hemiparesis: Weakness on one side of the body.

Hemiplegia: Paralysis on one side of the body.

Hemiplegic: Pertaining to hemiplegia (paralysis of one side of the body.)

Hemorrhage: Bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood.

High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Histamine: A substance that plays a major role in many allergic reactions, dilating blood ...

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Horizontal: In anatomy, a plane passing through the standing body. A person lying on a bed...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Illusion: A perception that occurs when a sensory stimulus is present but is incorrectly p...

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Imitrex: Brand name for sumatriptan, a triptan drug for the treatment of migraine.

Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Lethargy: Abnormal drowsiness, stupor.

Lumbar: Referring to the five lumbar vertebrae, the disks below them, and the correspondin...

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Lumbar puncture: A procedure in which cerebrospinal fluid is removed from the spinal canal...

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Macrocephaly: An abnormally large head. The opposite of macrocephaly is microcephaly. Macr...

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Marker: A piece of DNA that lies on a chromosome so close to a gene that the marker and t...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Membrane: A very thin layer of tissue that covers a 'surface.

Memory: 1. The ability to recover information about past events or knowledge. ...

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Menarche: The time in a girl's life when menstruation first begins. During the menarche pe...

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Meninges: The three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord (singular: meninx).

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Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Menstrual: Pertaining to menstruation (the menses), as in last menstrual period, menstrua...

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Menstrual cycle: The monthly cycle of changes in the ovaries and the lining of the uteru...

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Menstrual migraine: A migraine headache that affects a woman each month between the 2nd da...

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Menstruation: The periodic blood that flows as a discharge from the uterus. Also called me...

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Migraine: Usually, periodic attacks of headaches on one or both sides of the head. These ...

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Migraine aura: A sensory phenomenon that may occur before a migraine. Visual auras may inc...

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Migraine headache: The most common type of vascular headache involving abnormal sensitivit...

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Migraine without aura: See: Common migraine.

Migraineur: A person who has migraine headache. Borrowed from the French.

Mono: Popular name for infectious mononucleosis.

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Monosodium glutamate: MSG, a sodium salt of the amino acid glutamic acid that enhances the...

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Motion sickness: A disorder of the sense of balance and equilibrium and, hence, the sense ...

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Motor: Something that produces or refers to motion. For example, a motor neuron is a nerve...

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Mucous: Pertaining to mucus, a thick fluid produced by the lining of some tissues of the b...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Naprelan: See: Naproxen.

Nasal: Having to do with the nose.

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Neurological: Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system as, for example, a neurol...

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Neurologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of th...

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Nuchal: Referring to the back of the neck (nape). For example, nuchal rigidity is a stiff ...

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Nystagmus: Rapid, rhythmic, repetitious, and involuntary eye movements. Nystagmus can be h...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Ophthalmic: Pertaining to the eye. For example, an ophthalmic ointment is designed for the...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Papilledema: Swelling of the head of the optic nerve, a sign of increased intracranial pre...

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Paralysis: Loss of voluntary movement (motor function). Paralysis that affects only one mu...

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Paresthesia: An abnormal sensation of the body, such as numbness, tingling, or burning.

Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

Phenol: 1. A poisonous corrosive compound obtained by the distillation of coal tar ...

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Phenothiazine: One of a group of tranquilizing drugs with antipsychotic actions thought to...

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Photophobia: Painful oversensitivity to light. For example, photophobia is often seen in m...

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Postural: Pertaining to the posture or position of the body, the attitude or carriage of t...

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Predispose: To make more likely or render susceptible. Smoking predisposes to a number of ...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prevalence: The proportion of individuals in a population having a disease or characterist...

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Progesterone: A female hormone, the principal hormone that prepares the uterus to receive ...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

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Prophylactic: A preventive measure. The word comes from the Greek for "an advance guard," ...

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Psychiatric: Pertaining to or within the purview of psychiatry, the medical specialty conc...

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Puberty: Adolescence, the period in which the human body first becomes capable of reproduc...

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Quality of life: The patient's ability to enjoy normal life activities. Quality of life is...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Rehydration: The process of restoring lost water (dehydration) to the body tissues and flu...

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Relapse: The return of signs and symptoms of a disease after a remission.

Remission: Disappearance of the signs and symptoms of cancer or other disease. A remission...

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Residual: Something left behind. With residual disease, the disease has not been eradicate...

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Retina: The retina is the nerve layer that lines the back of the eye, senses light, and c...

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Retinal: Pertaining to the retina, the extraordinary layer of neurons (nerve cells) that ...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Seizure: Uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain, which may produce a physical conv...

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Seizure disorders: One of a great many medical conditions that are characterized by epis...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Sensory: Relating to sensation, to the perception of a stimulus, to the voyage made by inc...

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Serotonin: A neurotransmitter that is involved in the transmission of nerve impulses. Sero...

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Sinus: 1. An air-filled cavity in a dense portion of a skull bone. The sinuses decr...

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Sinusitis: Inflammation of the lining membrane in any of the hollow areas (sinuses) of the...

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Skull: The skull is a collection of bones which encase the brain and give form to the hea...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Sleepwalking: Purposeful moving, usually but not always including walking, while in a deep...

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Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Somnambulism: Sleepwalking. Purposeful moving, usually but not always including walking, ...

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Spasticity: A state of increased tone of a muscle (and an increase in the deep tendon refl...

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Spinal cord: The major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies with...

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Spinal tap: Also known as a lumbar puncture or "LP", a spinal tap is a procedure whereby ...

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Stage: As regards cancer, the extent of a cancer, especially whether the disease has spre...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Subarachnoid: Literally, beneath the arachnoid, the middle of three membranes that cover t...

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Subarachnoid hemorrhage: A bleeding into the subarachnoid, the space between the arachnoid...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Sumatriptan: A triptan drug for the treatment of migraine. Marketed under the brand name I...

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Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Temple: The area just behind and to the side of the forehead and the eye, above the side o...

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Tension: 1) The pressure within a vessel, such as blood pressure: the pressure within t...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tinnitus: Ringing in the ears. Tinnitus has many causes, including some medications (inclu...

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Tired: A feeling of a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency of accomplishment,...

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Torticollis: The most common of the focal dystonias, a state of excessive or inadequate mu...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Trigger: Something that either sets off a disease in people who are genetically predispose...

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Triptan: A class of drugs introduced in the 1990s for the treatment of migraine that act a...

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Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Unilateral: Having, or relating to, one side. For example, a unilateral rash is one that i...

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Vertical: In anatomy, upright. As opposed to horizontal.

Vertigo: Aside from being the name of a classic 1958 Alfred Hitchcock film (with Jimmy St...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

Voluntary: Done in accordance with the conscious will of the individual. The opposite of i...

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Vomit: Matter from the stomach that has come up into and may be ejected beyond the mouth, ...

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Water retention: A nonspecific term meaning the accumulation of excess fluids in body tiss...

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Withdrawal symptoms: Abnormal physical or psychological features that follow the abrupt di...

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Zolmitriptan: A triptan drug for the treatment of migraine. Marketed under the brand name ...

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Zomig: Brand name for zolmitriptan, a triptan drug for the treatment of migraine.

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Medical Dictionary