Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement article.

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: The professional organization of American orthop...

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Anatomy: The study of human or animal form, by observation or examination of the living be...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Anticoagulant: An agent that is used to prevent the formation of blood clots. Anticoagulan...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Blood clots: Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. Also called a t...

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Bone marrow: The soft blood-forming tissue that fills the cavities of bones and contains f...

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Cartilage: Firm, rubbery tissue that cushions bones at joints. A flexible kind of cartilag...

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Cavities: Holes or structural damage in the two outer layers of a tooth called the enamel...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Epidural: Outside the dura, the outermost, toughest, and most fibrous of the three membran...

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Femur: The single bone in the thigh, which is the largest bone in the human body. Also kno...

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Implant: 1. To embed; to set in firmly. In embryology, the fertilized egg implants ...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Infuse: In medicine, to introduce a solution into the body through a vein. An infusion is ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

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Knee joint: The knee joint has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the large sh...

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Kneecap: The patella, the small bone in the front of the knee. The patella is a little (se...

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Lateral: 1. In anatomy, the side of the body or a body part that is farther from th...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Marrow: The bone marrow.

Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Nerve block: A procedure in which an anesthetic agent is injected directly near a nerve to...

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Numb: Numb, or numbness is a loss of the sensation of feeling in an area of the body. Numb...

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Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Orthopedics: The branch of surgery that is broadly concerned with the skeletal system. Som...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pain management: The process of providing medical care that alleviates or reduces pain. Mi...

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Participant: 1. In a clinical trial, someone who takes part in it. A participant ma...

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Physical therapist: A person who is trained and certified by a state or accrediting body t...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Postoperative: After surgery. As opposed to preoperative, before surgery.

Prosthetic: Referring to a prosthesis, an artificial substitute or replacement of a part o...

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Prothrombin: A coagulation (clotting) factor that is needed for the normal clotting of blo...

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Prothrombin time: A test that is done to gauge the integrity of part of the blood clotting...

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Quadriceps: Although the term "quadriceps" technically may refer to any four-headed muscle...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Tendon: The soft tissue by which muscle attaches to bone. Tendons are somewhat flexible, b...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thigh: The thick, muscular portion of the leg that extends from the hip to the knee. The t...

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Tibia: The larger of the two long bones in the lower leg. The tibia is familiarly known as...

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Total knee replacement: A surgical procedure in which damaged parts of the knee joint are ...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tubes: The "tubes" are medically known as the Fallopian tubes. There are two Fallopian tub...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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