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Miscarriage (cont.)

Exams and Tests

A miscarriage is diagnosed with:

  • A pelvic exam, which allows the doctor to see whether the cervix is opening (dilating) or whether there is tissue or blood in the cervical opening or the vagina.
  • A blood test, which checks the level of the pregnancy hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). Your doctor may take several measurements of hCG levels over a period of days to learn whether your pregnancy is still progressing.
  • An ultrasound, which helps your doctor find out whether the amniotic sac is intact, detect a fetal heartbeat, and estimate the age of the fetus.

If you have not had a blood test before, you may have one to see if you have Rh-negative blood.

Recurrent miscarriage. If you have three or more miscarriages, your doctor can test for possible causes, including:3

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