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Mitral Valve Prolapse (cont.)

Outlook

Mitral valve prolapse is usually a harmless disorder that does not lead to a heart attack and does not prevent a person from having a normal, active life. The condition does trigger some possible complications, but overall risk for them is very low. These complications include the following:

  • Cardiac arrhythmias: These are usually only benign premature beats that need no drug treatment. Occasionally, they can have sustained supraventricular tachycardia needing further, more definitive, medical therapy. Sudden cardiac arrest due to a ventricular tachycardia, which is life threatening, is very rarely reported.
  • Worsening mitral regurgitation/insufficiency (backward blood flow) from either worsening prolapse or rupture of a heart muscle or tendon
  • Congestive heart failure, due to the mitral regurgitation
  • Stroke from a blood clot reaching the brain from the heart
  • Inflammation of inner portions of the heart valves, called endocarditis
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/24/2014
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Mitral Valve Prolapse - Treatment

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Mitral Valve Prolapse »

Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is the most common valvular abnormality, affecting approximately 2-6% of the population in the United States.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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