Molluscum Contagiosum Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Molluscum Contagiosum article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abrasion: An abrasion or "excoriation" is a wearing away of the upper layer of s...

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Acquired: Not inherited, or present at birth (congenital), but developing after birth. For...

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Antiviral: An agent that kills a virus or that suppresses its ability to replicate and, he...

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Atopic: A predisposition toward developing certain allergic hypersensitivity reactions. At...

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Atopic dermatitis: A skin disease characterized by areas of severe itching, redness, scali...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Bumps: The raised area of a bump or bruise results from blood leaking from these injured b...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: The US agency charged with tracking and invest...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chickenpox: A highly infectious viral disease also known medically as varicella -- in many...

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Conjunctivitis: Inflammation of the membrane covering the surface of the eyeball. It can b...

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Contagious: capable of being transmitted from one human to another human via direct or ind...

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Cryotherapy: Literally, "cold therapy." Cryotherapy, sometimes referred to as cryosurgery,...

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Curettage: Removal of tissue with a curette from the wall of a cavity or another surface. ...

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Dermatitis: Inflammation of the skin, either due to an inherent skin defect, direct contac...

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Dermatology: 1. The branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis, treatment, and...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Genital: Pertaining to the external and/or internal organs of reproduction.

HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Immunocompromised: Having an immune system that has been impaired by disease or medical tr...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Incubation period: In medicine, the time from the moment of exposure to an infectious agen...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Itching: An uncomfortable sensation in the skin that feels as if something is crawling on ...

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Laser: A powerful beam of light that is used in some types of surgery to cut or destroy ti...

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Lesion: An area of abnormal tissue change. Lesions vary in severity from harmless to serio...

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Liquid nitrogen: Nitrogen in a liquid state. Liquid nitrogen is supercool -- about 200 deg...

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MCV: Abbreviation for mean cell volume, the average volume of a red blood cell. This is a ...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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Molluscum contagiosum: A contagious disease of the skin marked by the occurrence of rounde...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Mucous: Pertaining to mucus, a thick fluid produced by the lining of some tissues of the b...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nitrogen: Element number 7, a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas that is biologically impo...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Papules: Small solid rounded bumps rising from the skin that are each usually less than 1 ...

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Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Pigmentation: The coloring of the skin, hair, mucous membranes, and retina of the eye. Pig...

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Pinkeye: Also called conjunctivitis. Redness or irritation of the conjunctivae, the membra...

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Potassium: The major positive ion (cation) found inside cells. The chemical notation for p...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Reservoir: 1. A place where something such as water is kept in reserve.
2....

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Resolution: In genetics, the degree of molecular detail on a physical map of DNA. Resoluti...

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Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

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Salicylic acid: A substance obtained from plants (white willow back and wintergreen leaves...

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Scaling: Abnormal shedding or accumulation of an upper layer of skin (the stratum corneum)...

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Scrape: An abrasion or cut caused by something rubbing roughly against the skin. To treat ...

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Skin biopsy: Removal of a piece of skin for the purpose of diagnostic examination. Skin bi...

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Smallpox: A highly contagious and frequently fatal viral disease that is characterized by ...

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Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Temple: The area just behind and to the side of the forehead and the eye, above the side o...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thigh: The thick, muscular portion of the leg that extends from the hip to the knee. The t...

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Topical: Pertaining to a particular surface area. For example, a topical agent is applied ...

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Uncertainty: "Medicine's ground state is uncertainty. And wisdom -- for both patients and ...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Viral infection: Infection caused by the presence of a virus in the body. Depending on th...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Zidovudine: See: AZT.

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Medical Dictionary