Mononucleosis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Mononucleosis article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Airway: The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs. The mouth and nose are...

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Airway obstruction: Partial or complete blockage of the breathing passages to the lungs. C...

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Anemia: The condition of having a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or quantity ...

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Antibody: An immunoglobulin, a specialized immune protein, produced because of the introdu...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Atypical: Unusual, or not fitting a single diagnostic
category.

Autoimmune: Pertaining to autoimmunity, a misdirected immune response that occurs when the...

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Autoimmune hemolytic anemia: A condition in which the immune system attacks the red blood ...

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Autoimmune process: A process in which the body's immune system attacks and destroys body ...

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Bell's palsy: Paralysis of the nerve that supplies the facial muscles on one side of the f...

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Blood count: The calculated number of white or red blood cells (WBCs or RBCs) in a cubic m...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Carcinoma: Cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover body organs. Ex...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Complete blood count: A set values of the cellular (formed elements) of blood. These meas...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Contagious: capable of being transmitted from one human to another human via direct or ind...

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Cranial: 1. Pertaining to the cranium or skull. 2. Toward the head. As oppo...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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EBV: Epstein-Barr virus.

Encephalitis: Inflammation of the brain, which may be caused by a bacterium, a virus, or a...

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Enlarged spleen: Splenomegaly, or an enlargement of the spleen. This condition can occur w...

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Enzyme: Proteins that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction in a living organism. An e...

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Epstein-Barr virus: A virus in the herpes family that is best known as the cause of infect...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Genital: Pertaining to the external and/or internal organs of reproduction.

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Hemolytic: Referring to hemolysis, the destruction of red blood cells which leads to the r...

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Hemolytic anemia: Anemia due to the destruction, rather than underproduction, of red blood...

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Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver, irrespective of the cause. Hepatitis is caused by a ...

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Herpes: A family of viruses. Herpes also refers to infection with one of the human herpesv...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Immunity: The condition of being immune. Immunity can be innate'for example, humans are in...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Infectious mononucleosis: A specific viral infection (with the Epstein-Barr virus) in whic...

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Jaundice: Yellow staining of the skin and sclerae (the whites of the eyes) by abnormally h...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Lymph node: One of many small, bean-shaped organs located throughout the lymphatic system....

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Lymphoma: A tumor of the lymphoid tissue. The major types of lymphoma are Hodgkin's diseas...

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Malaise: A vague feeling of discomfort, one that cannot be pinned down but is often sensed...

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Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Mono: Popular name for infectious mononucleosis.

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Mononucleosis: Infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV, human herpesvirus 4, HHV-4) in...

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Myelitis: Inflammation of the spinal cord, such as from infection or immune inflammation.

Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Node: Literally a knot, a node is a collection of tissue. For example a lymph node, is a ...

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Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Palsy: Paralysis, generally partial, whereby a local body area is incapable of voluntary m...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Qualitative: Having to do with quality. In contrast to quantitative (which pertains to qua...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Red blood cells: The blood cells that carry oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Rupture: A break or tear in any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue (such as the ach...

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Saliva: a watery secretion in the mouth produced by the salivary glands that aids in the d...

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Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

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Sore throat: Pain in the throat. Sore throat may be caused by many different causes, inclu...

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Spleen: An organ that is located in the upper-left part of the abdomen, not far from the s...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Thrombocytopenia: : A low platelet count. Platelets are irregular, disc-shaped element in ...

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Tonsillitis: Inflammation of one or both tonsils, typically as a result of infection by a ...

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Transverse: In anatomy, a horizontal plane passing through the standing body so that the t...

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Transverse myelitis: A disease of the spinal cord in which there is demyelination (erosion...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Ubiquitous: Present everywhere. The small protein called ubiquitin was so-named because it...

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Vaccines: Microbial preparations of killed or modified microorganisms that can stimulate a...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Viral infection: Infection caused by the presence of a virus in the body. Depending on th...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

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White blood cell: One of the cells the body makes to help fight infections. There are seve...

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White blood cell count (leukocyte count): The number of white blood cells (WBCs) in the b...

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Medical Dictionary